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英语疑问句型

时间:2010-12-16 11:37责任编辑:随你译人工翻译公司 点击:
翻译价格 英语是现在学生必须要掌握的语言,英语学习就显得相当重要,你对于英语语法和句型又知道多少?常用的英语疑问句型你会吗?要知道,问句可以帮你解决问题哦! 作为一家新型的大型专业翻译公司,随你译拥有中国首屈一指的翻译资源。通过3年的积累,已经拥有多达6万名专业注册译者,可以翻译56种语言,42个行业。大量的高素质译者保证我们可以给您提供最熟悉您行并业的专才译者队伍,通过我们卓有成效的管理体系,从而提供一个比同类公司在便捷、高质、价优、可信方面更为出色的翻译
英语疑问句型

    Would you like jewellery? 您要不要首饰? Today is Mother's Day and all the jewellery is on sale at Rich's. 今天是母亲节,瑞奇店的所有首饰全部折价出售。 Do you have gold jewels? 你们有黄金饰品吗? Yes,we have 14K and 18K gold necklaces,chains and earrings. 有,我们有14K和18K的金项链、手链和耳环。 May I have a look? 我能看一下吗? Sure. Here is a nice gold necklace. 当然可以。这里有一根很好的金项链。 Its regular price is$56,and now you can have it witha twenty percent discount. 原价是56美元,现在可以让你打八折买下。 It's very elegant. I'll take i...

    英文广告中不止用词别出心裁,句型也很有特色。下面我们就来看一看。 英语广告的句型也多种多样,但最常用的句型有以下几类: 1) 祈使句 这是出现最多的句型。 例 1 Ask any one who owns one. (汽车广告语) 询问一下有这种车的人吧。 例 2 Lay down your arms.(桌子广告语) 放下您的胳膊吧。 例 3 Please do not leave it too late. 事不宜迟。 2) 一般疑问句 通常用在广告的前面。 例 1 Have you ever dreamed of ascending the steps of a great temple built to the gods? (旅行社广告)您是否梦想过登上为众神修建的宏伟庙宇的台阶...

    英语句型众多繁杂,想要学好英语讲一口流利的英语,各种句型语语法我们都需掌握,需要我们用心来学习。作为一家新型的大型专业翻译公司,随你译拥有中国首屈一指的翻译资源。通过3年的积累,已经拥有多达6万名专业注册译者,可以翻译56种语言,42个行业。大量的高素质译者保证我们可以给您提供最熟悉您行并业的专才译者队伍,通过我们卓有成效的管理体系,从而提供一个比同类公司在便捷、高质、价优、可信方面更为出色的翻译服务...

    (一)主语从句 1.主语从句可直接位于主语的位置,如果从句较长,谓语又较短,可用it作形式主语,而将从句放在句末。常见的句型有: *It is a fact/a pity/a question/good news that... *It seems/appears/happened/has turned out that... *It is clear/important/likely/possible that... *It is said/reported/estimated/has been proved that... 2) what引导的主语从句表示...的东西时,一般不用it作形式主语。 What we lack is experience. 3)what, who, when, why, whether等词含有各自的疑问意义,但它们引导的主语从句,都用陈述语序。 例如: *How the plan is to be carri...

    1. It作先行主语和先行宾语的一些句型 She had said what it was necessary to say. 2. 强调句型 It is not who rules us that is important, but how he rules us. 3. All+抽象名词或抽象名词+itself(very+形容词) He was all gentleness to her. 4. 利用词汇重复表示强调 A crime is a crime a crime. 5. something(much)of和nothing(little)of something of相当于to some extent,表示程度。在疑问句或条件从句中,则为anything of ,可译为有点,略微等。译为毫无,全无。much of译为大有,not much of可译为算不上,称不上,little of可译为几乎无。something like译为...

    高考英语写作常用句型汇总: (1)用于描写漫画、图表的常用句型 ①As the graph depicts , ②From the cartoon /picture , we can see that ③According to the statistics shown in the first /second graph , ④The table shows / indicates / reveals that ⑤It can be seen /concluded from the picture / table / figures that (2)用于句首提出论题或现象的句型 ①Recently , has become the focus of the society . ②has been playing an increasingly important role in our day-to-day life . ③Nowadays there is a growing concern for ④Nowadays it is common to hear /see ⑤has become a common occurrence in our daily life . ⑥...

    世界著名英语语言专家亚历山大(《新概念英语》一书的编者)在《二十一世纪报》上开设了一个疑难解答专栏。有一次被问到这样一个问题:定语从句与同位语从句有何区别?他竟劈头答道:知道这种区别并不能提高你的英语,顶多不过增加有关英语的知识而已。 在略作举例说明后,他甚至得出结论:由上可知,英语中并没有什么定语从句,至少我是不知道。这一问一答,似乎也就给了我们一种暗示. 我在美国学英语学了两年多,也从没听任何一个老师谈起定语从句. 美国人似乎也不知道什麽是宾...

    初中英语要求掌握的句型总结 (一) 1 (see、hear、notice、find、feel、listen to、 look at (感官动词)+ do 2 比较级 and 比较级)表示越来越怎么样 3 a piece of cake =easy 小菜一碟(容易)补:a place of interest 名胜 4 agree with sb 赞成某人 5 all kinds of 各种各样 a kind of 一样 6 all over the world = the whole world整个 世界 7 along with 同一道,伴随 eg : I will go along with you 我将和你一起去 the students planted trees along with their teachers 学生同老师们一起种树 8 As soon as 一怎么样就怎么样 9 as you can see 你是知道的 10 ask for 求助向要(直接接想要的东...

    (四) 171 laugh at 取笑eg : Don't langh at others We langhed at the joke 172 learn by oneslfe 自学 learn from 从学习 173 learn from sb 向某人学习 eg: We should learn from Lei Feng 174 learn to do sth 学做某事 learn something by heart 背诵记熟 175 let sb do sth 让某人做某事lend something to somebody把某物借给某人 176 Let sb down 让某人失望 eg : We shouldn't let our farents down 我们不应该让我们的父母失望 177 live from :离某地远 178 live in +大地方 /at +小地方 居住在某地 eg: I live in LuZhou She lives at XuanTan 179 look after = take care of 照顾 照看 180 lose one's way 谁 迷 路 e...

    高中英语词组固定搭配 一、接不定式(而不接动名词)作宾语的24个常用动词 afford to do sth. 负担得起做某事 agree to do sth. 同意做某事 arrange to do sth.安排做某事 ask to do sth. 要求做某事 beg to do sth. 请求做某事 care to do sth. 想要做某事 choose to do sth. 决定做某事 decide to do sth. 决定做某事 demand to do sth. 要求做某事 determine to do sth. 决心做某事 expect to do sth. 期待做某事 fear to do sth. 害怕做某事 help to do sth. 帮助做某事 hope to do sth. 希望做某事 learn to do sth. 学习做某事 manage to do sth. 设法做某事 offer to do sth. 主动...

    一. 从英语的五大基本句型入手 五大句型是学生们在中学阶段就已经掌握的了。在这里除了做一个总结性的复习,也是让学生们自己动脑从他们已有的知识中找出名词可以充当的成分。 1. 主语+谓语(及物动词)+宾语 例: Walls have ears. 主语 宾语 2. 主语+谓语(不及物动词) 例: The flowers are blooming. 主语 3. 主语+系动词+表语 例: Miss Jones is a secretary. 主语 表语 4. 主语+宾语+间接宾语(人)+直接宾语(物) 例: The mother will buy the girl a dress. 主语 宾语 5. 主语+谓语+ 宾语 + 宾语补足语 例: The father, John, considers the child a...

    英语句子成分 总介 主语是句子陈述的对象,说明是谁或什么。表示句子说的是什么人或什么事。 主语是执行句子的行为或动作的主体,如我写字中的我,就是主语,它做出写 这个动作。写则是谓语,而字是接受谓语写这个动作的对象,它因此被称为宾 语,又如"花死了"中的"花"就是主语,"死了"即是对主语"花"的陈述,所以是谓.有的语法书也称主语为客体或受体。 主语可以用这些词类或形式来担任:名词、代词、名词化了的动词、形容词、分词、副词或 数词等,动词不定式或不定式...

    英语句子成分 总介 主语是句子陈述的对象,说明是谁或什么。表示句子说的是什么人或什么事。 主语是执行句子的行为或动作的主体,如我写字中的我,就是主语,它做出写 这个动作。写则是谓语,而字是接受谓语写这个动作的对象,它因此被称为宾 语,又如"花死了"中的"花"就是主语,"死了"即是对主语"花"的陈述,所以是谓.有的语法书也称主语为客体或受体。 主语可以用这些词类或形式来担任:名词、代词、名词化了的动词、形容词、分词、副词或 数词等,动词不定式或不定式...

    小朋友们,英语王国里有一个很特殊的成员叫 There be , 它的汉语名字是有,表示存在。由 There be 引导的句型叫There be 句型。其结构是: There be+ 主语(某人 / 某物)+ 某地,表示有某人/某物在某地或某地有某人/某物。这里的 be 是位魔术师,当后面的主语是单数时, be 就变成 is; 当后面的主语是复数时, be 就变成are ,请看: 1. There are three people in my family. 我家有三口人。 2. There is a pen on the desk. 有一枝钢笔在书桌上。 当 be 的好朋友 not 来到它身后就变成了 There be 句型的否定形式,其结构是: There...

    李阳老师的话 有了骨骼,我们才可以傲然挺立。同样,正是有了句型,英语学习的高楼大厦才能拔地而起!而建好英语大厦要一步一步打好地基,句型就是大厦的地基和框架。在这些框架上添加各种各样的材料(单词、短语、口语要素),才能建造大厦。你掌握的句型有多少,就决定了你盖的楼有多高,行动起来吧!将我们为大家精心挑选的300个句型一网打尽! 特别说明 这些都是我们从高中英语课文及《跟李阳老师学中学英语》高中系列中精选出的重点句型。同时它们也都是高考常考和口语常用的经典...

    对英语方位倒装句结构的研究大部分仅从句法角度出发,忽视了来自篇章和语用方面的制约。优选论理论作为生成语法理论的分支,具有兼容语音、句法、语义和语用多种因素来解决问题的特点。用优选理论来研究英语方位倒装句的生成过程,可以兼顾句法和语用两方面的制约因素,本文解释了单从句法层面出发所无法解释的一系列问题,并将研究的范围扩大到汉语 1.引言 方位倒装句(Locative Inversion)是英语倒装句型的一种。其典型结构为:方位短语(LP) +谓语动词(VP) +名词性成分(NP),如(1)所示: (1) Under the tre...

    1 一般疑问句 一、一般疑问句: 1、Did you read books? 你读书了吗?Yes, I did.是的,我读过了。No, I didnt. 不,我没有读过。 2、Is she quiet? 她文静吗?No, she isnt. Shes very active. 不,她不。她很活跃。 Is she strict? 她严格吗?Yes, she is, but shes very kind.是的,她是,但是她很和蔼。 3、Is this a teachers desk? 这是一张讲台桌吗?Is it cold? 冷吗?Is her birthday in June? 她的生日在六月吗?Is this your T-shirt? 这是你的T恤衫吗?Yes, it is. 是的。 No, it isnt. / No, its not. 不,不是的。 4、 Can you make the bed? 你会铺床吗?Can you use a...

    OTHERWISE句型 otherwise句型通常用来表述以下几种意思: 1、除外; 2、其他 otherwise在表示除外含义时,常与unless共同使用,即otherwise通常出现在unless引导的状语从句中,例如下面这句: In this contract, unless the context otherwise requires, goods means 在本协议所称货物,除条款另有规定外,是指 再看一个例子: Unless in any enactment it is otherwise provided 除成文法另有规定外 由此可见,在otherwise和unless搭配使用时,unless放在从句句首,而otherwise放在主语和谓语之间,即: unless+主语+otherwise+谓语 如果使用被动语态,则...

    1. According to依照/根据. 2. Am I allowed to我可以吗 3. As matter of fact,实际上 4.As far as I'm concerned/就我而言,. 5.As far as I know,...据我所知,. 6.As I just mentioned...正如我刚才提到过的,. 7. As I see it,在我看来,. 8. As is known to us all, ... 众所周知, 9. As long as...只要. 10.But for...若不是因为./如果没有. 11.Can you believe (that)... 你相信吗 12.Can you imagine... 你能想像吗 13.Could you please explain... 你能解释一下吗 14.Can't we... 难道我们不能吗 15. Could you do me a favor and... 能否请你帮我一个忙 16.Do you by any chance know... 你(碰巧)知道吗 17. Do y...

    在学习英语过程中,我们会发现英语中存在着大量的矛盾,这无疑给我们的学习带来诸多的困难和不便。形否意肯就是其中的一种,即句中含有否定词,看上去是否定句,但其真正的意义却是肯定的。笔者现对此作一归纳,供大家参考。 一. 含有否定词+until / till的句子 此类句子通常译为直到才,直到再。如: 1. Dont open the door until the bus stops . 汽车停稳后再开门。 2. He did not come back until twelve . 直到十二点钟他才回来。 二. 含有can nottoo的句子 此类句子通常译为无论怎么也不算过分,越越好。如:...

    英语中表示比较的句型相当多,如果句型中插进了一个否定词,其意义和用法就很难掌握,下面介绍几种常见的表达方式: 1.no better than:表示和一样;实际等于,如: Eg. He is no better than a beggar. 他实际上等于一个乞丐。 Eg. The invalid is no better than he was yesterday. 病人的情况和昨天一样。 Eg. He has no better a say in the matter than I have. 他和我一样在这件事上没有发言权。 2.not... any more than或no more... than:表示同一样不,如: Eg. I could no more do that than you. Eg. I could not do that any more than you. 你不能做这件事,我...

    我曾经有个很幼稚的幻想,看不懂,把单词背下来不就行了吗?可是单词以后呢? 看下面的句子: The social progress is not so much the improvement of tools as the sparkling minds of some geniuses. 就算单词都认识,也很难理解not so much A as B,究竟是什么意思,想把它翻成改进工具不如天才的灵机一动多,又不是人话。 读得多了,才发现,英语表达中有个很难的not结构. 这种结构有好多,都有一个共同特点,英语有not,中文没not, 或者反之,英语没有not, 但是中文有无,没有这样的词,而且不这样,就说不顺。 不信你瞧...

    I don't think ... 結構︰主詞+否定式動詞+副詞/that-子句 說明︰如果否定的是後面的副詞或子句,通常是將否定詞提前移到述語中去,其意義仍然是表示否定後面的部分。像 I think,I believe,I suppose,I feel,I see 等詞語引出否定的子句時,大多是將 not 放在述語動詞部分。在口語中,尤其是這樣。 I don't think it's right to make such a hasty decision.我認為如此倉促地做出決定是不正確的。 I don't think this is worth trying. 我看這是不值得一試的。 Many people don't think it is dangerous to go mountain climbing.很多人認為爬山並不...

    No + N + V ... 結構︰No+單數名詞+肯定式動詞 說明︰此句型意為沒有一。此句型No+名詞的 No 是Not a(沒有一個)之意,有時No+名詞是No+other+名詞之意。 No animal of the horoscope is considered dumb or ugly or evil. 天宮圖上的動物沒有一種被認為是愚笨的或醜陋的或邪惡的。 No student in this school is from the southern part of Taiwan. 這個學校沒有一個學生是來自南台灣的。 No grammar book is more popular than this one with senior high school students. 沒有(別的)一本文法書比這一本更受高中生的歡迎。...

    I told him not to go. 結構︰not+非述語成分 說明︰本句型的述語是肯定形式,not 加在句中其他成分上,可以否定主詞、受詞或副詞。 not 用以否定非述語成分,主要是用在兩種情形:一是不這樣安排 not,就會改變句子的意義;二是用於含有對比的敘述中。 I told him not to go. 我告訴了他,叫他不要去。 He goes to school not by bus, but on foot. 他去上學不是乘公共汽車,而是走路去的。 Not a contract was to be signed. 連一個合同也沒簽。 The teacher told him not to make such a mistake again. 老師叫他不要再犯這樣的錯誤。 I went...

    It is free form + N ... 結構︰主詞+be 動詞+free from+名詞 說明︰此句型意為沒有。本片語須置於 be 動詞之後,等於 without,以名詞做其受詞。 He leads a life (which is) free from care. 他過著無憂無慮的生活。 The hill is completely free from trees. 這個山丘上一棵樹也沒有。 This city is free from thieves. 這個城市沒有盜賊。 When her son returned she was at last free from anxiety.她兒子回來了,她總算解除了憂慮...

    ... far from ... 結構︰... far from ... 說明︰表離很遠,後面接名詞做受詞;但 far from 可置於句首做介系詞,表非但不,以動名詞做受詞;若置於 be 動詞之後,則視為副詞,表一點也不,後面接名詞或形容詞。 It is far from my intention to do such a thing. 我根本不想做這種事。 I live far away from my school. 我住的地方離學校很遠。 Far from working hard, he played around. 他非但不用功,反而到處鬼混。 Far from accepting my advice, he went back on me.他非但不接受我的勸告,反而背叛了我。 His explanation was far from satisfactory. 他的解釋一...

    I am away from ... 結構︰用肯定的陳述句形式來表達否定意義 說明︰這主要是通過某些含有否定意義的詞彙來表示,如:off,out of,far from,away from, refuse 等,以及含有否定意義的詞綴的詞彙,如:dislike,unhappy,impossible 等。 Mr. Jones is away from Taipei. 瓊斯先生已不在台北。 The project is far from perfect. 這項企劃很不完美。 The manager is out of the office. 經理不在辦公室。 They shun personal fame and gains.他們不計個人名利。(shun 原義為避開,引伸為不要) I dislike this student very much. 我頂討厭這個學生。...

    There is no such + N 結構︰There is no such+名詞 說明︰此句型意為沒有這樣的。 There was no such club. 沒有這樣的俱樂部。 There is no such man in our neighborhood. 在我們的鄰近沒有這樣的人。 There is no such book as you want. 沒有像你所要的這種書。...

    I have not + V-ed ... 結構︰主詞+have/has+not+過去分詞+。 說明︰在助動詞 have(has)的後面加not形成現在完成式的否定式。 I have not heard from John for a long time. 我好久沒有收到約翰的來信了。 She has not read today's newspaper. 她還沒有看今天的報紙。 They have not seen that movie on television. 他們還沒看過電視上的那部影片。...

    I didn't + V ... 結構︰主詞+didn't+原形動詞+過去時間。 說明︰本句型的肯定形式是:主詞+過去式(+ed)+過去時間;將肯定句中的過去式改為did not(=didn't)+原形動詞,即構成過去式的否定句。 He didn't clean the room yesterday. 他昨天沒打掃房間。 She washed the skirt yesterday. 她昨天洗這裙子。 Tom didn't watch TV last night. 湯姆昨晚沒看電視。 He talked to his sister after lunch. 午餐後,他跟他的妹妹談話。 They didn't cook lunch for their grandfather yesterday.他們昨天沒有為他們的祖父做午飯。 Mary cleaned the room this mor...

    I wasn't ... 結構︰主詞+was/were+not+形容詞+過去時間。 說明︰此句型意為主詞不是。was,were 是 be 動詞的過去式,當句中出現以下副詞(片語)時,動詞常用過去式:ago,before,yesterday(morning,afternoon,evening), last night,the other day,in the past,just now。 在 was,were 後面加 not,即構成 be 動詞過去式的否定句;將 was,were 移到句首,w 改為大寫,句點改為問號,即構成 be 動詞過去式的疑問句。 Tom was not busy yesterday. 湯姆昨天不忙。 We were not at home yesterday. 我們昨天不在家。 It was not hot yesterday...

    I don't + V ... 結構︰主詞+don't/doesn't+原形動詞+。 說明︰此句型意為主詞不(沒有)做某事。肯定句中,如有一般動詞(speak/work/teach/),則在一般動詞前加 don't 或 doesn't,並將一般動詞改為原形動詞(不加s或es),即構成否定句。 I don't have any brothers. 我沒有任何的兄弟。 He doesn't know Mr. Brown. 他不認識布朗先生。 My mother doesn't speak English. 我母親不會講英語。...

    I am not + V-ing. 結構︰主詞+am(are/is)+not+現在分詞。 說明︰此句型意為主詞(人,物)不是正在。要構成現在進行式的否定句,只需在 be 動詞後面加 not。 They are not playing. 他們不是正在玩。 She is not watching TV. 她不是正在看電視。 We are not cleaning the room. 我們不是正在打掃房間。...

    I am not ... 結構︰主詞+be 動詞(am/are/is)+not+。 說明︰在肯定句中 be 動詞的後面加 not 就構成否定句。 I am not a student. 我不是學生。 You are not a lawyer. 你不是律師。 It is not a watch. 它不是手錶。...

    I should have known better 結構︰主詞+should have known better(than to+原形動詞) 說明︰此句型意為本來不應該那樣笨(而),是指已經做過之事,而 know better(不致那樣笨)是指未做之事。 I should have known better. 我本來不應該那樣笨。 You should have known better than to talk like that. 你本應更懂事而不致說這樣的話。 You should have known better than to go mountain climbing alone. 你本來不該笨得單獨去爬山。 I know better than to go swimming after dinner. 我不致笨得吃過飯就去游泳。...

    ... should have V-ed ... 結構︰主詞+should/ought to have+過去分詞 說明︰此句型意為原本應當但卻未如此。此句型表示沒有實現之過去的行為、狀態,含有講話者的責難或遺憾之意。 You should have spoken up in the meeting. 會談時你實在應該發言(然而你卻沒有)。 He should at least have come to say good-by. 他至少也該來道個別(然而卻沒來)。 He ought to have kept his promise. 他原本應該遵守自己的諾言。 You should have been more careful in money matters. 在錢方面,你本當更小心點的。 He ought to have arrived there by now. 他現在應該已經...

    ... could have V-ed ... 結構︰主詞+could have+過去分詞 說明︰此句型意為原本能夠但卻未如此。 He could have bought the car, but soon his company went bankrupt. 他本來能買那輛車的,但沒多久他的公司就倒閉了。 He could have finished it on schedule, but somehow he fell behind. 他原本能按預定進度做完這件事的,但不知怎地卻落後了。 I could have done it if I had wanted to. 如果我那時想做,我能做得到的。...

    ... would have V-ed ... 結構︰主詞+would have+過去分詞 說明︰此句型意為原本會但卻未如此。用以表示與過去事實相反的假設語氣。 He would have attended meeting, but upon learning that he had no time, he dropped the idea. 他原本要出席會議的,但知道沒有時間,就打消了這個念頭。 I would have told you the truth, but you didn't give me a chance. 我本來要告訴你事情的真相,但是你不給我機會。 I would have done it, but I had no time. 我本來要辦這事的,可是沒時間。 She would have married him, but when she learned that he was a rascal, she parted with him. 她本...

    ... cannot have V-ed ... 結構︰主詞+cannot have+過去分詞 說明︰此句型意為不可能曾經。是對過去之事做否定的推論,此時一定要用 cannot have 或 cannot,不能使用 must not have 或 must not。而cannot+原形動詞是對目前或將來之事做否定的推論。 She cannot have written the letter herself. 這封信不可能是她自己寫的。 He is honest, so he cannot have stolen my money.他是個老實人,所以他不可能偷了我的錢。 He cannot have caught a cold, because I saw him dancing with Mary the same day. 他不可能感冒,因為當天我還看到他跟瑪麗跳舞。...

    ... may have V-ed ... 結構︰主詞+may/might have+過去分詞 說明︰此句型意為很可能曾經。表示對過去之事做不太肯定的推測。而may/might+原形動詞是對現在或未來事物做推測。might have 所表示的可能性要比 may have 低一些。 He may have overslept this morning. 今天早上他或許睡過頭了。 The tea is hot; he may have been here before. 茶還熱著,不久前他很可能在這裡。 He may have known the truth; otherwise he wouldn't be so angry now. 他當時很可能知道事情的真相,否則他不會這麼生氣。 The boy might have known the truth, but I am not quite sure....

    ... must have V-ed ... 結構︰主詞+must have+過去分詞 說明︰此句型意為一定曾經。本句型是對過去之事做肯定之推測,而must+原形動詞是對目前或將來之事做推測。 Anyway, he must have eaten a lot because now he is fat. 無論如何,他一定吃了很多東西,因為現在他胖了。 You must have mistaken her for her sister. 你一定是把她誤認為是她的姊妹了。 They must have left. 他們一定是離開了。 The rubbing must have worked. 搓揉一定是有效了。 They must have read the article. 他們一定讀過這篇文章。 You must have seen him before. 你以前一定見過他...

    may as well + V ... 結構︰may as well+原形動詞 說明︰此句型意為最好;不妨。等於 had better,但語氣比較委婉。 We may as well leave the table after dinner is over. 晚餐後我們不妨離開桌子。 You may as well keep it a secret. 你最好將這件事保密。 You are not (physically) strong, so you may as well take care of your health. 你的體格不壯,因此最好注意健康。...

    may well + V ... 結構︰may well + 原形動詞 說明︰此句型意為理當;大可。may 是助動詞,well 是副詞,後接原形動詞。若將 well 置於主詞前面,可加強語氣。 You may well find that the end of the book is better than the beginning. 你應該會發現這本書的結尾比開頭好。 You may well get angry with him. 你大可對他發脾氣。 She is proud of her son, and well she may. 她以兒子為傲也是應該的。 An unlimited arms race may well increase the danger of war. 無限度的武器競賽當然會增加戰爭的危險性。 Since he can play many musical instruments, he may well be called a man...

    May you + V ... 結構︰May+第二、三人稱主詞+動詞原形+其他 說明︰此句型意為祝。may 此處表示祝福與願望,多用於書面語中,口語中有時也用,但顯得較莊重。本句型的特點是:may 不是在主詞後面,而是擺在句子開頭,使全句成倒裝語序,表達出祝願的意義。 May you recover soon! 願您早日康復! May you succeed in business. 祝您生意興隆! May our two parties achieve even greater successes in our business. 祝我們雙方在生意中取得更大的成功。...

    ... had better + V ... 結構︰主詞+had better+原形動詞 說明︰此句型意為最好;還是為好。用 had better 來執行和一個助動詞一樣的功能。had better have+過去分詞表最好已經之意;had best ...則是以為最佳,比 had better 的意思還要強調。 You had better consult a doctor soon. 你最好快點去看醫生。 The policeman said to him, You'd better come with me and tell me all about the accident. 警察對他說:你最好跟我來,並告訴我這次事故的經過。 You had better have stayed at home. 你留在家裡那是最好。 Hadn't you better make a market report? 你不認為寫一份...

    ... would like to V ... 結構︰主詞+would like+(sb.)+to+原形動詞 說明︰此句型意為想要。would like 是一種表示意願的動詞,後接不定詞 to 引導的原形動詞。should like to ...雖有同樣的意思,但較少用於第2,3人稱。 Would you like to have a look at the picture? -- Yes, I should very much like to. 你想瞧瞧這畫嗎?--是的!很想! I would like to take a trip around the world toward the end of this year. 我想在今年底環遊世界。 I would like you to meet Mr. Jones. 我想讓你見見瓊斯先生。 I would like him to do it. 我想要他做這事。...

    結構︰主詞+used to+原形動詞 說明︰此句型意為以前(常)。等於主詞+would often+原形動詞。這是一種表過去的經驗的句構,對比地敘述過去與現在。而would+原形動詞也可表示過去的習慣,但used to ...比would ...規則。 Difficult problems used to take hours of work with pencil and paper. 困難的問題以前總是需要用筆和紙工作數小時。 There used to be a post office there. 以前在那裡有一個郵局。 I used to (=would often) go fishing. 我以前常去釣魚。 We used to hear the train whistle at night. 過去我們常會在晚上聽到火車的汽笛聲。 He...

    ... should/would + V ... 結構︰主詞+should(would,may)+原形動詞。 說明︰should 是 shall 的過去式,當將要解釋,通常用於主詞是第一人稱 I 或 we;should又當應該解釋,表示義務或責任,常用於指現在或未來的事情,主詞可用任何人稱。 would 是 will 的過去式,當將要解釋,通常用於主詞是第二人稱或第三人稱; would 又用於表示願望;would 和 like 連用,表示客氣的語氣;would 又可用在疑問句中,表示客氣的請求。 may 可用於表示可能性或不確定的推測,中文常譯為可能,或許,相當於 perhaps或 maybe;may...

    If + Present Tense ..., S + will/shall + V ... 结构︰If+现在式,S+未来式 说明︰if 子句用现在式,表示须具备的条件,主句用未来式表示可能的结果,整句含意为如果,那么。will 用于所有的人称,在 I 和 we 之后可用 shall 代替 will。若主句的主词为 I 或 we 时,可以用 shall 代替 will。像 if necessary(如果需要),if possible(如果可能),if so(如果这样)等固定词组实际上是省略了的 if 子句。 If I lose my job, I will/shall go abroad. 如果我失业了,我就出国。 If I have a headache, I will take an aspirin. 如果我头痛,我就服一...

    I demand/insist that ... 結構︰主詞1+意志動詞(demand/insist 等)+(that)+主詞2+(should)+原形動詞 說明︰意志動詞有四類:建議(suggest,recommend,propose,advise,urge 等),要求(desire, ask,demand,require,request,maintain,insist 等),命令(order,command 等),規定( rule,regulate,stipulate 等)。其後接 that-子句時,該子句裡的動詞要用原形或should+動詞。美式英語通常省略 should。 The committee moved that the meeting (should) be adjourned. 委員提議休會。 His parents demanded that he (should) be back by ten. 他的父母要求...

    If it had not been for ... 結構︰if it had not been for+名詞/子句,主詞+would/should 等+原形動詞 說明︰此句型意為若非(有)。此類句構專門用於表示與過去事實相反的假設語氣。 If it had not been for his help, I should have failed. 如果沒有他的幫忙,我應該已經失敗。 Had it not been for your timely help, our company would have been on the verge of bankruptcy. 若非你及時伸出援助之手,本公司將會瀕臨破產的邊緣。 If it had not been for these experiments, the improvement of the machine would have been impossible. 要不是這些實驗,這部機器也許就不可...

    If it were not for ... 結構︰if it were not for+名詞/子句,主詞+would/should 等+原形動詞 說明︰此句型意為若非(有)。此類句構專門用於表示與現在事實相反的假設語氣。亦可用but for+名詞或without+名詞代替。were 可以提前,省略 if,如例句3。 If it were not for his presence, I would punish you. 要不是他在場,我會處罰你的。 But for your advice, I should have failed. 要不是你的忠告,我會失敗的。 But for music (=Were it not for music), life would be dull. 要不是音樂,人生會很無聊。 If it were not for oxygen and nitrogen in the air, no...

    It seems/looks as if ... 結構︰It seems/looks as if 說明︰此句型意為似乎。本句型中的 as if 子句可用以表示事實,或假設語氣。 It looks as if it is going to rain. 好像要下雨了。 It seems as if he knows everything. 他似乎是個萬事通。 It seems as if he knew everything, but in reality, he is as stupid as can be. 他似乎是個萬事通。其實他是再愚蠢不過了。 It looks as if she had just come back from outer space. 她看起來彷彿剛從外太空回來似的。 It seemed as if he had finished the work. 他似乎已經完成了這個工作。 It seemed as if he would never finish the work. 他似...

    ... as if/as though ... 結構︰as if/as though現在式/過去式/過去完成式 說明︰此句型意為彷彿;好像一樣。as if,as though 是副詞連接詞,引導副詞子句。子句中,可用現在式,以表示事實;也可用過去式或過去完成式,分別表示與現在或過去事實相反的假設語氣。 He speaks like that as if he doesn't want to attend the meeting.他那樣說話,似乎不想參加會議。 He walks as if he is drunk. 他走起路來好像他真的醉了。 He felt as if he almost wished to kill them. 他感覺彷彿幾乎要殺掉他們。 The baby opened the book as if he were able to read...

    If only + V-ed 結構︰If only+過去式/過去完成式 說明︰此句型意為要是就好了。用過去式,表示與現在事實相反;若用過去完成式,則表示與過去事實相反。 If only I had a rich father. 要是我有個有錢的爸爸就好了。 If only he had been here. 要是他當時在這兒就好了。 If only I had another chance. 要是我再有一次機會就好了。...

    I wish ... + V-ed ... 結構︰I wish+(that)+主詞+動詞過去式/過去完成式(had+過去分詞) 說明︰I wish 之後以 that 子句為受詞時,該子句的動詞一定要用假設語氣:若動詞用過去式,表示與現在事實相反的願望;若用過去完成式,則表示與過去事實相反的願望。I wish+that-子句的句型也可用I would rather+that-子句取代。而 I hope 之後以 that 子句做受詞時,該子句用一般時態。 I wish there were meadows and lambs. 但願有草地與小羊。 I wish I were as tall as you. 但願我像你一樣高。 I wish he could tell us. 但願他能告訴...

    If I had V-ed, I would ... 結構︰Ifhad+過去分詞,主詞+would/should 等+原形動詞+now/today 說明︰這是時態不一致時的假設句型,亦稱混合假設條件句。即:if 子句若與過去事實相反,用過去完成式表示;而主要子句若與現在事實相反,則用過去式助動詞表示。此類主要子句句尾通常有表現在的時間副詞,如 now,today 等。 If he had worked harder when young, he would be well off now. 如果他年輕時多努力一點,現在就能過得舒服些。 If I had been rich ten years ago, I could buy that house today. 如果十年前我有錢,今天我就能買...

    It is time that ... 結構︰It is(high)time+(that)+主詞+過去式動詞 說明︰此句型意為已經到了的時間了。過去式動詞處有時亦使用should+動詞原形。that 子句也能用 to 不定詞來表示。 It is time he went to bed. 該是他睡覺的時間了。 It is time that you left for the duty. 該你當班了。 It is time that you reflected upon your mistakes. 該是你反省思過的時候了。 It is high time he should come to our house for dinner.已經到了他該上咱家吃晚飯的時候了。 It is time for somebody to teach you to behave yourself. 該是有人教你應對進退之禮儀的時候了。...

    If I were to ..., I ... 結構︰Ifwere to,would/should 等+原形動詞 說明︰這也是表示與未來狀況相反的假設句型,與if ... should, ...大致相同,但if ... were to所表示的可能性更低,通常用以表示與真理相反的假設語氣。 If the sun were to rise in the west, he would pass the exam. 要是太陽從西邊出來,他就會通過考試--他不可能通過考試。 If I were to be born again, I would like to be a bird. 我要是再活一次,我想當一隻鳥。 If the sun were to disappear, what would the earth be like? 萬一太陽消失了,地球會變成什麼樣子? Were I to die tomorro...

    If I should ..., Imperative Sentence. 結構︰If I+should ...+祈使語氣 說明︰If + should + V代替if + 現在式,增加了條件的不確定性。本句型常用在想禮貌地提出要求或建議,或者想圓通地告訴他人該做什麼事的場合。用 should 起始句子即可不用 if 而表示條件。這種用法比較正式,常用於諸如公函之中,而不用於日常會話。 If you should see him, please give him my regards. 如果你見到他,請代我向他致意。 Should you see him, please give him my regards. 如果你見到他,請代我向他致意。 If you should happen to see him, please give him my rega...

    If + Present Tense ..., S + Modal Verb ... 結構︰If + 現在式,主詞+情態助動詞 說明︰本句型實為If + Present Tense ..., S + will/shall + V ...句型之變體。之所以用情態助動詞,主要是因為說話者對可能的結果不是太肯定或者是想表達例如必要的意思。 If it is fine tomorrow, we can go out. 如果明天天氣好,我門可以出門。 If it is fine tomorrow, we could go out. 如果明天天氣好,我門能夠出門。 If it is fine tomorrow, we may go out. 如果明天天氣好,我門可能出門。 If it is fine tomorrow, we might go out. 如果明天天氣好,我門可能出門。 If i...

    If + Present Tense ..., S + will/shall + V ... 結構︰If+現在式,S+未來式 說明︰if 子句用現在式,表示須具備的條件,主句用未來式表示可能的結果,整句含意為如果,那麼。will 用於所有的人稱,在 I 和 we 之後可用 shall 代替 will。若主句的主詞為 I 或 we 時,可以用 shall 代替 will。像 if necessary(如果需要),if possible(如果可能),if so(如果這樣)等固定片語實際上是省略了的 if 子句。 If I lose my job, I will/shall go abroad. 如果我失業了,我就出國。 If I have a headache, I will take an aspirin. 如果我頭痛,我就服一...

    not so much + N as + N 結構︰not so much+名詞+as+名詞 說明︰此句型意為與其說是倒不如說是。相當於名詞+rather than+名詞。 He is not so much a writer as a scholar. 與其說他是作家倒不如說他是學者。 He is not so much a genius as a hard worker. 他的努力勝於天份。 The Apollo program was not so much a scientific achievement as a technical accomplishment. 阿波羅計劃與其說是一項科學成果,不如說是一項技術成就。...

    not so adj. as adj. 結構︰not so+形容詞/副詞+as+形容詞/副詞 說明︰此句型意為與其說是倒不如說是。相當於形容詞/副詞+rather than+形容詞/副詞。 She is not so beautiful as charming. (=She is charming rather than beautiful.) 與其說她美倒不如說她迷人。 He is not so clever as diligent. 與其說他聰明倒不如說他勤奮。 She is not so kind as simple. 與其說她善良不如說她單純。...

    ... times ...er than ... 結構︰倍數詞+形容詞或副詞比較級+than 說明︰此句型意為比大幾倍。兩倍是twice,而三倍以上的倍,通常用times。 We now know that X-ray waves are 2,000 to 10,000 times shorter than light waves. 我們現在知道X光波比光波短二千到一萬倍。 This street is four times shorter than that one. 這條街道比那條短四倍。 The mother elephant is one hundred times heavier than the baby elephant. 這隻母象比小象重一百倍。 It is ten times louder than another. 它比另外一個的聲音大十倍。 This street is three times wider than that one. 這條街比那條街寬...

    more than ... as ... as 結構︰more than+倍數詞+as+形容詞/副詞+as 說明︰此句型意為是的幾倍還不止。兩倍是twice,而三倍以上的倍,通常用times。 He is more than three times as rich as I. (=He is three times richer than I.) 他的財富是我的三倍還不止。 He studies more than three times as hard as I. 他用功的程度是我的三倍還不止。 I am more than twice as old as he. 我的年齡是他的兩倍還不止。 He has collected more than three times as many stamps as I (have). 他搜集的郵票是我的三倍還不止。...

    ... times the/my N ... 結構︰倍數詞+the(或所有格)+名詞 說明︰此句型意為是的幾倍。倍數詞與名詞之間一定有 the 或所有格。有時可改為倍數詞+as+形容詞。三倍以上的倍,通常用times。而more than+倍數詞+the(或所有格)+名詞譯為是的幾倍還不止。 It was over twice the distance of the earth from the sun. 那是地球到太陽的距離的兩倍多。 Line A is four times the length of line B. 線條 A 是線條 B 的四倍長。 I have five times the number of Tom's books. 我有五倍於湯姆的書。 He has three times my money. 他的錢是我的三倍。 He has...

    ... times as ... as ... 結構︰倍數詞+as+形容詞/副詞+as 說明︰此句型意為是的幾倍。兩倍是 twice,而三倍以上的倍,通常用 times。 An ordinary subway train, approaching the station, can be twice as loud as the loudest jet. 平常的地下火車接近車站時,發出的聲音可能是最大聲的噴射機的兩倍。 This line is four times as long as that one. 這條線是那條線的四倍長。 I am twice as old as he. 我的年紀是他的兩倍。 She studies three times as hard as I. 她用功的程度是我的三倍。 He earns twice as much as he used to. 他比往常多賺二倍的錢。 She spent ha...

    as ... as ever 結構︰as+形容詞/副詞+as ever 說明︰此句型意為與往常一樣。 He seems to be as busy as ever. 他似乎和往常一樣忙碌。 He works as hard as ever. 他和往常一樣努力工作。 She was as beautiful as ever after so many years. 過了那麼多年,她美麗如故。...

    ... as ... as ... can be 結構︰主詞+be 動詞+as+形容詞+as+(形容詞)+can be 說明︰此句型意為極,不亞於任何人。此句型借重複同一個形容詞而成為強調此形容詞的說法。常用的此類片語有:as plain as plain can be(再明白不過了),as wise as wise can be(再聰明不過了),as white as white can be(白得不能再白了),as wrong as wrong can be(錯得太離譜)等。 His failure is as plain as plain can be. 他的失敗是再明白不過了。 He is as handsome as (handsome) can be. 他瀟灑極了。 She is as kind as can be. 她極為和顏悅色。 Mary is as...

    ... as ... as one can 結構︰as+形容詞/副詞/名詞+as one can 說明︰此句型意為儘可能。as ... as one can相當於as ... as possible。one 要隨主詞的人稱而變化,而 can 要隨時態變化。 To speak English fluently, you had better read as many English articles as you can. 要想把英文講得很流利,你最好盡量多看英文文章。 Take as much exercise as you can. 盡可能多做運動。 Be as careful as you can. 盡可能小心。 Our teacher explained the lesson to us as clearly as he could. 我們的老師盡可能清楚地為我們解釋這一課。 She needed to soften her request to make it as poli...

    ... just as ... as ... 結構︰主詞+動詞+just as+形容詞/副詞+as+(代)名詞/動名詞 說明︰此句型意為就像一樣。第一個 as 是同樣的;一樣的,第二個 as 是像之意。若主詞之後不是 be 動詞,則 as 之後不用形容詞,而要用副詞。 Being a good pedestrian is just as important as being a good driver. 做一個好的行人就像做一個好的司機一樣重要。 Writing is just as important as reading. 寫作就像閱讀一樣重要。 He wrote just as carefully as Tom. 他就像湯姆一樣小心地寫。...

    as far as ... 結構︰as far as+名詞 說明︰此句型意為到之遠;到的程度。而as far as+主詞+動詞則表示只要,在範圍內的話。 Swallows from England go as far as South Africa. 英國來的燕子飛到南非那樣遠的地方。 We walked as far as the railroad station. 我們走到火車站那樣遠的地方。 We drove as far south as Kaohsiung. 我們往南開車一直到高雄。 He went as far as Yokohama to meet his friend from England. 他遠至橫濱去迎接由英國來的朋友。 I swam as far as I could. 我盡可能地游遠。...

    結構︰not as/so+形容詞/副詞+as+名詞 說明︰此句型意為不像那樣。asas 可用於肯定句或否定句,而 soas 僅可用於否定句構中。 It is not as (so) popular as other foods. 它不像其他食物那樣受歡迎。 He does not study as (so) hard as John. 他不像約翰那樣用功。 I am not as (so) careful as Tom. 我不像湯姆那樣細心。...

    A is as much + N + as B is 結構︰主詞+be+as+much+名詞+as+(be)+主詞 說明︰此句型意為和同樣。as much+名詞+as+(be)+主詞的 be 通常省略或放句末。 Comets are just as much members of the sun's family as (are) the other planets. 彗星和其他的行星同樣是太陽家族的成員。 To eat too much is as much a bad thing as to eat nothing.吃太多和什麼都不吃同樣是壞事。 He is as much a member of the orchestra as Tom. 他和湯姆同樣是管絃樂隊的成員。 not as/so + ADJ/ADV + as + N...

    as many/much as ... 結構︰as many/much as+數字+複數名詞/不可數名詞 說明︰此句型意為多達。不要與as many/much+名詞(同數量的)混淆。同理,此類片語還有:as long as+數字+名詞(長達),as wide as+數字+名詞(寬達), as high as+數字+名詞(高達),as early as+數字+名詞(早在),as late as+數字+名詞(遲在)等。 She has as many as seven sisters. 她的姊妹有七人之多。 As many as 100 people were killed in the air crash. 這次空難中多達一百人喪生。 I gave the beggar as much as 1,000 yen. 我給了這乞丐整整一千元...

    as many/much ... 結構︰as many/much+名詞 說明︰此句型意為同數(量)的;一樣多。本片語旨在用以代替句中前面已提到的相同數字,以避免該數字的重複。 He was tired enough to make ten errors in as many (=in ten) pages. 他疲倦得十頁中犯了十個錯誤。 Mike read five books in as many (=in five) months. 麥克在五個月內看了五本書。 I didn't expect that he should have committed three robberies in as many days. 沒想到(老實的)他居然在三天內犯了三次搶劫罪。...

    ... stop to ... 結構︰主詞+stop+to-不定詞 說明︰此句型意為停下來。若stop+Ving是停止。 They just don't stop to think. 他們就是不停下來想一想。 They stopped to look into the window. 他們停下來看看櫥窗。 I have stopped smoking for half a year. 我已經半年不抽煙了。...

    ... pretend to ... 結構︰主詞+pretend+to-不定詞/that-子句 說明︰此句型意為假裝。pretend 後面用 to-不定詞或 that 子句。 He was pretending to climb a mountain. 他假裝在爬山。 She pretended not to go. 她假裝不去。 He pretended to be a good man. 他假裝是好人。 Let's pretend (that) we are pirates. 讓我們玩假裝海盜的遊戲吧!...

    To ..., Main Clause 結構︰不定詞片語,主要子句 說明︰此類不定詞片語通常放在句首,表示目的,修飾主要子句。常用的有 to tell the truth(老實說),to do someone justice(替某人說句公道話),to be brief(簡言之),to begin with(首先),to sum up(總之),to make matters worse(更糟的是),so to speak(可以這麼說),needless to say(不用說),to say nothing of sth。(更不用說)等。 To make sure that he was at home, I called him up in advance. 為了確定他在家,我事先打電話給他。 To tell the truth, I don't agree to your plan. 老實講,...

    ... be to ... 結構︰主詞+be+to-不定詞 說明︰此句型意為預定要。be+to+不定詞含有事先的安排或命令,表示必須;應該;打算。 A was to be placed onto A', and B onto B'. ... seem/appear to ... 結構︰主詞+seem/appear+to-不定詞 說明︰此句型意為似乎是,好像。to-不定詞的內容是表示狀態的詞。seem 有時要加入或許(probably)的意思翻譯起來才適當;appear 近於乍看之下好像是的意思。 Taiwan seems to contain no petroleum. 台灣恐怕沒有蘊藏石油吧! The thread seems to match the cloth. 這線和這布似乎很相稱。 He appears to be ve...

    be about to ... 結構︰主詞+be about+to-不定詞 說明︰此句型意為將做。表示極近的未來之行為,故為了表示幾乎等於現在的未來而不和未來之 副詞一起使用,如:不能說I am about to go next week.。 He was surely about to change his mind. 他一定會改變主意。 She was about to walk out of the door when the telephone rang. 電話鈴響時她正要出門。 Something unusual was about to happen. 某種不尋常的事正要發生。...

    be going to ... 結構︰主詞+be going+to-不定詞 說明︰此句型意為將做。be going+to-不定詞用作表示未來的助動詞,表示最近之未來將做的行為或未來的意圖。這種句型經常用於會話體,表示包含講話者的主觀或感情的情形。 He is going to marry Jane in May. 他打算五月和珍結婚。 I am going to stay up late to finish my paper. 為了完成報告我打算熬夜不睡。 I'm afraid he is going to lose the match. 我恐怕他會輸掉比賽。 The train was just going to start when we arrived. 我們到達時,火車馬上就要開了。 My father was a sailor and I'm going to be...

    I heard him sing. 結構︰主詞+hear/see/feel+受詞+原形不定詞 說明︰此句型意為聽/看/感覺。英文中表示看,聽,感覺的三類動詞,加了受詞之後,須接原形動詞做受詞補語,用以表示已發生,而且是主動意味的事實。我們稱此類動詞為知覺動詞,常用的有 see,watch,notice,look at,hear,listen to,feel 等。變成被動語態時,受詞補語要變成不定詞片語,如例句4。這些詞後也可接現在分詞,強調動作進行,而接原形動詞,則強調整個事實。 Did you notice anyone come in? 你注意到有人進來過嗎? As far as...

    ... want/ask sb. to do ... 結構︰主詞+want/ask/tell 等+受詞+to-不定詞 說明︰不定詞放在受詞的後面,用於補充說明受詞的動作,叫做受詞補語;當不定詞要表達不要做某事的意思時,則須採用不定詞的否定式,即直接在不定詞前加 not。常用的此類動詞有 want,get,compel,expect,ask,would like,advise,urge,wish,tell,allow,permit,trouble,help,teach 等。 I told him not to goof around. 我叫他不要游手好閒。 The teacher urged his students to prepare for the exam. 老師勸他的學生準備考試。 They forced me to do things against my wil...

    ... want/like to do ... 結構︰主詞+一般及物動詞+不定詞(to+V)。 說明︰常以不定詞作為受詞的及物動詞有:like(喜歡),want(想要),try(設法), love(喜愛),hate(討厭),forget(忘記),begin(開始),start(開始),need(必須)。 Some students hate to study English. 有些學生不喜歡研讀英語。 You need to study in a quiet place. 你必須在一個安定的地方讀書。 He likes to go to the movie. 他喜歡去看電影。 She wants to help Mary. 她想要幫助瑪麗...

    make/have sb. do sth. 結構︰主詞+make/have/bid/let+受詞(人)+不定詞原形 說明︰此句型意為要/囑咐/叫。使役動詞中,make、have、bid、let 等字加了受詞之後,要接原形動詞做受詞補語,與使用分詞相比,不定詞原形重點在事實。變成被動語態時,該受詞補語要變成不定詞片語。但是 have 當使役動詞時,無被動語態。 I made him do it. 我叫他做這事。 I let him do it. 我讓他做這事。 They had/made the girl clean the floor. 他們叫這個女孩打掃地板。 The mother bade the child behave himself. 媽媽叮嚀孩子要守規矩。 He...

    ... never to do ... 結構︰never+to-不定詞 說明︰此句型意為不會再有的結果。 He went on a journey when he was 18 years old, never to come back. 他十八歲時出外旅行,一直沒有回來。 He went off to the war never to return alive. 他去參加戰爭,沒能活著回來。 She left her husband, never to come back. 她離開了她丈夫,再也沒回來。...

    ... have only to do ... 結構︰have only+to-不定詞 說明︰此句型意為只需就夠了。相當於All one has to do ...或What one has to do ...。 You have only to sit there and watch what I am doing. 你只要坐在這裡,看著我做就行了。 Don't worry; you have only to sing a song to please her. 不用擔心,你只需唱首歌讓她高興就行了。 You have only to go. 你只要去即可。 You have only to ask and he'll tell you. 你只要問他,他就會告訴你。...

    ... only to do ... 結構︰only/merely/simply/just+to-不定詞 說明︰此句型意為竟然;卻。表示與先前的努力相反的結果,一般用在句尾。 He studied hard only to fail in the exam. 他這麼用功,結果竟然考場失利。 He rushed all the way to the station only to miss the train. 他一路衝往車站,結果還是錯過了火車。 He tried a second time only to fail again. 他再試一次,竟然還是失敗。 He tried to increase his income by gambling only to plunge more deeply into the mire. 他企圖藉賭博增加收入,卻陷入了更深的困境。 I went out, merely to get caught in a shower. 我...

    ... how (+ N) + to do ... 結構︰how/what/when/where/which/whose(+名詞)+to-不定詞 說明︰此句型意為應該如何做/何時做/何地做/做哪些事。what,whom,which 為疑問名詞,做其後 不定詞片語中動詞的受詞,否則就做介系詞的受詞。how,where,when,why均為疑問副詞。不定詞片語中的動詞若為及物動詞,則後面要有受詞;若為不及物動詞,則不需要受詞。 How do I know what to do and what not to do? 我怎麼知道什麼該做,什麼不該做? He showed me how to use the tape recorder. 他教我如何使用這台卡式錄音機。 What to d...

    ... be good enough to ... 結構︰Would you be good enough+to-不定詞? 說明︰此句型意為請你好嗎?。本句型的意思和Would you be so kind as to ...?一樣, 語氣較客氣。 Would you be good enough to turn the radio down a bit?請你把收音機的聲音關小一點好嗎? Would you be good enough to keep silent? 請你保持安靜好嗎? Would you be good enough to move a bit to the right? 請你往右邊移一點好嗎?...

    When + V-ing ... 結構︰when/while/once/if/unless/though+現在分詞 說明︰當when,while,once,if,unless,though 等副詞連接詞引導副詞子句時,若其主詞與主要子句相同,可保留該副詞連接詞,其餘部分則化簡為分詞片語。 He says Please when making a request. 請求時,他說:請。 When waiting for a bus, he takes his turn. 等公共汽車時,他按順序排隊。 He stopped to talk to me when seeing me. 看到我的時候,他停下來和我說話。 If falling ill, I'll stay home taking a good rest. 如果生病,我會待在家裡好好休息。 Once arriving there, I'll keep...

    V-ing/V-ed ..., Main Clause 結構︰現在分詞/過去分詞,主要子句 說明︰這是含分詞句構的句型,是以分詞片語代替副詞子句。主要子句中的主詞應和分詞片語中的動作接受者一致。若動詞為 be 或 have been,變成現在分詞 being 或 having been後,可以省略。否定句若變成分詞片語時,否定副詞 not 或 never 應置於分詞之前。 Holding the watch up, she listened. 把錶拿起來,她注意聽。 Standing in the dark, I can not see anything. 站在黑夜裡,我什麼也看不見。 Sitting under the tree, I was hit by a stone on the head. 我坐在樹下,被一塊石頭...

    the + V-ing/V-ed/ADJ 結構︰the+現在分詞/過去分詞/形容詞 說明︰形容詞,包括可做形容詞的分詞,前面加冠詞 the,可當複數名詞用,表示全體的意思,其後的動詞用複數形。常用的有:the wounded(所有受傷的人),the handicapped(所有殘障者),the rich(有錢人),the dead(所有已死的人),the dying(所有垂死的人),the unknown(所有未知之事)等。 The rich are not necessarily happy. 有錢人未必快樂。 The oppressed were free after the coup. 被壓迫的人民,在政變之後獲得自由。 The dying were rushed to the hospital. 垂死的...

    ... go + V-ing ... 結構︰go+現在分詞 說明︰此句型意為從事。go 之後的現在分詞通常是運動類的動詞,如:fishing(釣魚),boating(划船),skating(溜冰),skiing(滑雪),hunting(打獵),mountain climbing(爬山), shopping(購物)等。 Sometimes Mr. Black went swimming with the children.有時布拉克先生和這些小孩去游泳。 We went fishing yesterday and I caught three fish. 我們昨天去釣魚,而我釣了三條。 I find it interesting and healthy to go mountain climbing. 我覺得爬山有趣又有益健康。 The American housewife probably goes shopping only once...

    Sth. is being + V-ed ... 結構︰主詞+is being+過去分詞 說明︰此句型意為正在被。是進行式的被動語態。 Money is being used in place of something more direct.金錢正在被更直接地用來取代某種東西。 The machine is being experimentally used. 這些機器正在被實驗地使用著。 The problems are being discussed. 這些問題正在被討論著。...

    ... have/get sth. done 結構︰主詞+have/get/make+受詞+過去分詞 說明︰此句型意為把(辦完)。make 之後的受詞習慣上是人而非物;但 have 和 get 後的受詞在此 句型中是物,有叫別人代勞的意味,即做事的人並非主詞,而是別人。 Be sure to get the work finished before six o'clock. 務必在六點之前把工作完成。 Are you going to get the house painted green? 你打算要把房子漆成綠色嗎? I want to get/have these shoes mended. 我想把這些鞋子修補一下。 He has been unable to raise enough money to have the big clock repaired. 他一直無法籌募到足夠的...

    ... get(s) V-ed/ADJ 結構︰主詞(某人)+get(s)+過去分詞(或形容詞)。 說明︰此句型意為某人變成。get+形容詞(過去分詞)的常見用例有:get old(年紀大), get hungry(肚子餓),get angry(生氣),get sick(生病),get fat(發胖), get tired(疲倦),get lost(迷路),get confused(困惑),get hurt(受傷), get excited(興奮),get ready(準備好)。 John got lost. 約翰迷路了。 Mary gets tired of wearing red dresses. 瑪麗厭倦穿紅色衣服。 The question is so hard, and we're getting confused. 這問題太難,我們感到困惑。...

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