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流感蔓延

时间:2011-01-14 23:11 点击:
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日前,一位电台谈话节目主持人说,他宁愿待在家里,与世隔绝。他认为,去医疗诊所会将自己完全暴露给病菌,就会生病。当大家都知道流感病毒就是一个潜在的杀手时,这种论调听起来有点愚昧无知。人们应该在接种和冒死亡之险之间作出选择,但是有关猪流感变异的话题,媒体只是随便说说而已,人们也只是睁一只眼闭一只眼,对此人们会找各种借口,就像前面提到的而闭门不出。

当疫情在世界各地蔓延,流行病患病人数就会增加。一旦某种疾病在某种特定人群间的传播,就可能蔓延到世界上任何角落。这就是世界范围的疫情警报和只是告诉人们待在家中,休息、多喝水或得了普通感冒就赶快就医之间的区别。流感病毒传播一旦飘洋过海,就会以前所未有的速度加快,如果没有足够的疫苗来应对或没有接种疫苗,死亡的人数就要以百万来计。

当媒体和政治活动参与进来,你就会不知所措。看看疫苗在渥太华接种的情况就可以知道,人们不禁要问,为什么花了那么长时间,冬天已经临近才研制出来疫苗,卫生部门的官员早已知道,任何天气恶化都有引发流感样症状和流感爆发的可能。有人联系了社区健康服务中心(一个提供廉价健康保健服务政府组织),人们不禁要问,为什么疫苗已经生产出来,当地卫生保健中心,像诊所医生一样都没有这种疫苗。这些机构的回答让我明白:当地的议会中心提供疫苗。立刻,我就想到了南丁格尔分发吗啡来减轻患者痛苦的场景,因为那时他们还没有疫苗。换句话说,我有一种预感,所有的官僚机构不会轻易让疫苗发挥更有效的作用,由于官僚作风,他们才不会顾及百姓的死活,仅靠一个医疗中心点来分发疫苗,就像是我们还身处饱受战火蹂躏的欧洲?
不过如果不去接种就会传播疾病,传染给其他人;如果生病了不待在家中,就会增加将流感病毒传染给其他人的风险。人们可能会感手足无措,是否要洗手,还握不握手。最主要的是,一段时间内,你可以避免同别人握手,勤洗手,这些都没坏处,但它可能挽救一个生命。

幼儿、老人、孕妇和体弱多病的人是易感人群。自身免疫系统不健全的人也很危险。介于这些年龄之间的人们,体内已经有某种免疫力,或许有机会与病魔一试高下。如果你害怕打针,你就要考虑一下头戴呼吸机,卧床几周的后果,因为这种流感病毒会损害你的呼吸系统。虽然不会发生在每个人身上,但是种情况还是发生了。

译文:Pandemics

A radio talk host went on the air the other day to say that he wouldrather stay home an live in a bubble. Going to a medical clinic wouldbe exposing himself to pathogens on the loose and he would get sick, inhis opinion. That seems to be an ignorant statement to make when thisflu bug is already known as a potential killer. One should decidebetween getting vaccinated to stay alive or risking death but so muchhas been thrown out by the media concerning catching this modifiedswine flu that people have just turned a blind eye and will invent anyexcuse like the one cited so as not to go.

Pandemics arise when an epidemic spreads across the world. Oncethere is a spread of a disease within a given population that spreadcan then be propagated elsewhere. That is what makes the differencebetween sounding alarms for worldwide vaccinations and just tellingpeople to stay at home, rest and take plenty of fluids or see theirphysician as if they had common colds. Once the disease is propagatedoverseas it can grow at an unprecedented amount and if there is notenough vaccine to counteract that or people do not get innoculateddeaths can be in the millions.

When media and politics get in the way you can get confusion andbizarre circunstances. Looking at the supposed release of the vaccineby Ottawa, one can wonder why it took so long to get the vaccine outwhen winter is just around the corner and health officials knew thatany worsening of the weather can trigger the onset of flu like symptomsand the flu. One wonders why the vaccine has been announced as beingavailable yet the local health centers like the walk in clinics do notcarry them, one has to contact the CLSC a government organized medicalcentre which supplies low cost health services in various districts.That body in turn informed me that the vaccines would be available at alocal congress center and immediately I had visions of FlorenceNightingale distributing morphine to cut down the pain in patients,when there were no vaccines. In other words I have a hunch that all thebureaucratic machinery won’t make getting a vaccine easier moreefficient it will turn people away because of its inaccessibility, onecentral spot to dispense vaccines as if we were in war torn Europe?

Still if one does not go for a shot he can propogate the disease andspread it to others and if does not stay home while being ill thatfurther worsens the risk of giving the flu to other people. One may beconfused about washing your hands or not, shaking your hands or not.The bottom line is that you can avoid shaking someone’s hand for awhile and washing them regularly, neither thing will kill you but itmight save a life.

Young and old are prime targets as are pregnant women and thefragile. People who do not have a good immune system are at risk.People between those age groups may have a better chance for fightingthe disease because that have already built up some sort of immunity.If one is fearful of a needle all you need to think of are theconsequences of being laid up in bed for several weeks on a respiratorbecause this flu can compromise your breathing. That has not happenedto everyone but it has happened.

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