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美国国会讨论投入巨款1500亿美元加强经济

时间:2011-01-14 08:10 点击:
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周四,布什总统对国会议员表示,将考虑通过一项经济振兴法案来振兴美国经济,振兴方案总金额将高达1500亿美元,具体内容想通过对企业和家庭进行减税的方案,来提高企业投资的信心。

据国会议员透露:考虑到美国经济已经步入一个衰退期,美国总统布什和国会领导人(民主党和共和党)就该方案具体内容通过电话会议进行了磋商。

经过精密的磋商,布什总统迅速决定要推出一揽子详细的刺激计划来重振经济。

美国众议院议长南希·佩洛西在一份声明中说:“在未来的数天内,通过正在进行的两党之间的商议,我们希望就立法规定的对美国的中产阶级进行及时的,有针对性的,暂时性经济刺激援助方案尽快达成一致。”

据一位匿名知情人士透露,目前正在商议的一揽子1500亿美元刺激经济方案具体包括,减税和一些开支,比如失业救济。

又有一位消息来源说,在一揽子1500亿美元巨资中,大约三分之二的资金主要用来给一些特殊家庭提供现金和援助,其余的主要集中用在商业方面。

白宫拒绝讨论透露谈判细节,官员们也不透露布什总统赞成哪个方案。

周五,美国总统布什仅仅大概、笼统地表示了他会考虑所有刺激经济的方法。

与此同时,白宫发言人托尼弗拉托也表示:“最重要的事情是,这种方案只是暂时性的,而且他们必须是有效的,同时我们也必须尽快去做。”

在白宫和国会双方的商议中,问题集中在:削减百分之十等级的所得税,下降到3 %,甚至为零,并且预先给一些家庭一些钱来作为部分款项的退还。

如果企业进行新的投资,那么将会被立即减50%的税。

美联储主席——伯南克提出重要性

美国联邦储备委员会主席本·伯南克提出一揽子财政支撑经济理论背后的重要性时,布什总统和国会议员才进行了电话会议进行磋商

本·伯南克在一个国会听证会上表示:“迅速实施有计划的财政政策是迫切重要的”——评论说,有可能是凭借势头努力达成一项协议,拉拢势力。

然而,想要弥合布什和民主党之间的分歧是谈何容易,去年从卫生保健到伊拉克战争双方就已经经过了激烈的斗争。

针对一揽子刺激经济的方案,共和党主张采用给企业减税的措施,以此来提高企业投资的信心。

但是民主党则主张:给低、中等收入人群提供帮助,方案包括通过减税、增加失业救济金和食物券援助。同时他们也主张给需要帮助的州政府提供财政援助。

布什总统刚刚结束了对中东进行为期9天的访问,在此次访问旅行之前他曾表示,他正在考虑经济政策的选择,但也表示,他有可能把2001年和2003年的永久减税计划纳入自己的提议中。

对于民主党来说是无成功的希望了,白宫已逐渐不再仅仅寻找一个短期的刺激经济的一揽子方案了。

同时也有一些呼吁说,可以通过竞选的方式寻求一个振兴美国经济的方案,就象原来候选人经过激烈的竞争,布什于11月4日顺利当选美国总统一样。

所有三个主要民主党候选人——参议员希拉里·克林顿,参议员巴拉克奥巴马,以及前参议员约翰爱德华兹——已经提出了含有开支和减税想法的计划。

共和党参议员麦凯恩上周四提出了一项建议:削减公司税税率,并鼓励公司企业在新设备和研究领域进行投资。他的一个主要的共和党竞争对手,前马萨诸塞州州长罗姆尼正准备公布他的一个计划。

译文:Bush, Congress discuss $150 billion lift to economy

President George W. Bush told lawmakers on Thursday he wants tax rebates for families and breaks for businesses in a rescue plan for the struggling U.S. economy that could total up to $150 billion.

Amid worries that the United States may already be in a recession, Bush held a private conference call with leaders of the Democratic-led Congress and their Republican counterparts.

A delicate set of negotiations took place and the president shifted gears from his initial plan to outline an economic stimulus plan on his own. Instead, he agreed to hammer out the details of the package in collaboration with legislators, congressional sources said.

"In the next few days, through ongoing bipartisan negotiations, we are hopeful that we will agree on legislation that provides timely, targeted, and temporary assistance to America's middle class," House of Representatives Speaker Nancy Pelosi said in a statement.

Under discussion is a total package of $150 billion that would include both tax breaks and some spending, such as help for the unemployed, according to sources familiar with the matter who spoke on condition of anonymity.

About two-thirds of the package would be aimed at providing cash and assistance to families, with the rest focused on businesses, one source said.

The White House declined to discuss the details of the talks and officials would not say which approach Bush favors.

Bush is to speak on Friday in general terms about what he kinds of economic measures he would like to see.

"The most important thing is that they should be temporary, they need to be effective, they need to be things that we can get done quickly," said White House spokesman Tony Fratto.

The talks between the White House and Congress have focused on cutting the 10 percent income-tax bracket to 3 percent or zero and giving households the money in advance as a rebate.

Businesses would be allowed to take an immediate tax deduction for 50 percent of their new investments.

BERNANKE ADDS WEIGHT

The conference call between Bush and members of Congress took place after Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke threw his weight behind the idea of a fiscal package to shore up the economy.

But Bernanke said in a congressional hearing it was "critically important" that any fiscal measures be designed to kick in quickly -- comments that may lend momentum to the efforts to reach a deal.

Bridging the differences between Bush and the Democratic-led Congress, however, will not be easy. The two sides battled fiercely last year on issues from health care to the Iraq war.

On the stimulus package, Republicans favor steps like tax breaks for businesses, which they say would help create jobs.

But Democrats want to see more help for low- and moderate-income people, including tax rebates, assistance for the unemployed and additional spending on food stamps. They also want financial aid to state governments.

Bush, who just returned from a nine-day Middle East tour, had indicated before the trip that he was looking at economic options but also signaled he might include in any proposal the idea of making permanent his 2001 and 2003 tax cuts.

That would be a nonstarter with Democrats and the White House has backed away from seeking to make it part of a short-term stimulus package.

There have been loud calls for a measure to boost the economy from the campaign trail, where candidates are vying to succeed Bush in the November 4 election.

All three major Democratic candidates -- Sen. Hillary Clinton, Sen. Barack Obama and former Sen. John Edwards -- have offered plans containing spending and tax-cut ideas.

Republican Sen. John McCain on Thursday laid out a proposal for cuts in corporate tax rates and incentives for companies to invest in new equipment and research. One of his main Republican rivals, former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney, is also getting ready to unveil a plan.

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