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保罗森让民众做好应对困难的准备

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 “银行系统很稳固”保罗森周日在安抚不安的民众时如是说,但他同时让民众做好应对更多困难的准备。

“我想我们需要数月才能走出这段时期,是的,的确需要几个月,”他说。

保罗森说,为了对抗不良房屋按揭贷款带来的损失,会有更多银行陷入困境。这个月,一轮旨在使IndyMac成为互助储蓄银行的努力失败之后,政府接手了IndyMac。

在如今的市场及房地产改革的压力下,还会有银行不断加入这个名单,但是,我要再一次强调,目前的银行体系是健全,稳固的。我们的监管人员始终在监管它。现在还是非常能应付的局面。

保罗森在周日出席的讲话中告诉民众达到10万美圆的存款都会获得全额保险。他说在联邦存款保险公司经营的这75年里没有人会损失一分被保险了的存款。

他说:“我们的经济正在经受一个考验,这是一个困难时期。我们现在面临的三大问题是:1。房地产业改革,这是经济放缓的核心原因2。混乱的资本市场。3。高昂的油价,它将持续延长经济的放缓。”

但是,请记住,我们的经济有着强劲稳固的基础,这是长时间积累下来的。还有要知道,立法者,监管者我们一直都在警惕着。

保罗森说他希望国会能尽快通过他的那项扶持房里美和房地美的法案,这是两家政府担保的贷款公司。

“对于在国会这里得到我们想要的这一点我很乐观,因为国会知道这些公司的重要性。”保罗森说。

下议院将在周三时对一项住房法案投票表决,这项法案还包括一些救助房里美和房地美的举措。由于投资者担心这两家公司的资产稳定性,这两家公司的股价一路下挫。房里美和房地美是私有企业,但他们由国会创办通过购买雁行的按揭贷款来鼓励消费者买房。这两家公司掌握或担保的住房贷款高达5兆美圆几乎占了国内总额的一半。

如今我们的首要任务是稳定资本市场,稳固体制。这些公司机构在全球都有投资者,而且这些投资者要明白我们美国政府明白这些机构对我们的资本市场,我们的经济,我们的房地产业的重要性。

保罗森说要不是今年实施的价值168亿的经复苏方案,有些人就会失去工作,但他也承认美国的失业人数仍在上升,这项方案还包括对企业和个人实施的税收减免。

包括总统候选人奥巴马在内的民主党领袖都在致力于达成第二种较小的经济投入。暴罗森说他并不想去猜测他们这样做的用意。

他说:“我一直在关注这套促进经济的方案。它已经在第二季度做出了一些改变,它还将在第三季度带来改变,我们需要密切关注它。”

“现在我们正在经过 一个困难时期,这是无庸置疑的,但是这套促进经济复苏的方案正在做出改变,”他说。

密苏里州的二等众议院议员,罗伊。布郎特说他很期待随后的辅助方案,他说:“如果他们把那些与促进经济无关的事情放到桌面上来谈的话,他们知道总统是不会去做的,那不过是现在与大选期间的政治讨论罢了。

 

 

译文:Paulson braces public for months of tough times

Treasury Secretary Henry Paulsonsought to reassure an anxious public Sunday that the banking system issound, while also bracing people for more troubled times ahead.

"I think it's going to be months that we're working our way through this period — clearly months," he said.

Paulson said the number of troubled banks will increase as theystruggle to cope with big losses on bad mortgages. The government thismonth took over IndyMac after a run led it to become the largestregulated thrift to fail.

"Of course the list is going to grow longer given the stresses wehave in the marketplace, given the housing correction. But again, it'sa safe banking system, a sound banking system. Our regulators are ontop of it. This is a very manageable situation," he said in broadcastinterviews.

Paulson used appearances on the Sunday talk shows to tell peoplethat deposits up to $100,000 are fully insured. He said no one has losta single penny on an insured deposit in the 75 years that the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation has operated.

"We're going through a challenging time with our economy. This is atough time. The three big issues we're facing right now are, first, thehousing correction which is at the heart of the slowdown; secondly,turmoil of the capital markets; and thirdly, the high oil prices, whichare going to prolong the slowdown," he said.

"But remember, our economy has got very strong long-termfundamentals, solid fundamentals. And you know, your policy-makershere, regulators, we're being very vigilant."

Paulson said he hoped Congress soon would approve his plan to helpshore up Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, the government-sponsored mortgagecompanies

"I'm very optimistic that we're going to get what we need fromCongress here, because Congress understands how important theseinstitutions are," Paulson said.

The House plans to vote Wednesday on a housing bill that is expectedto include a rescue for Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. The companies'shares have plummeted because of fears about their financial stability.Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac are private, but they were created byCongress to encourage homeownership by buying mortgages from banks. Thetwo hold or guarantee more than $5 trillion in home loans — almost halfof the nation's total.

"Our first priority today is the stability of the capital markets,the stability of the system. And these institutions have investors allaround the world ... and those investors need to know that we in theUnited States of America understand the importance of theseinstitutions to our capital markets and to our economy and to ourhousing market," he added.

Paulson acknowledged the U.S. is continuing to lose jobs, though hesaid the $168 billion economic relief plan approved this year hascreated jobs that would not otherwise exist. The plan included taxrebates for people and tax breaks for businesses.

Democratic leaders, including presidential candidate Barack Obama, are pushing for a second, smaller, economic installment. Paulson said he did not want to speculate about that idea.

"I'm focused on this stimulus package. It's made a difference in thesecond quarter. It's going to make a difference in the third quarter.We need to watch this very carefully," he said.

"Right now we're going through a tough period. There is no doubtabout it. But the stimulus plan is making a difference," he said.

The second-ranking House Republican, Rep. Roy Blunt of Missouri,said he was "open-minded" about a follow-up aid plan. "If they bringthings to the table they know the president's not going to do, that hasvery little to do with stimulating the economy. It's all about apolitical discussion between now and the election," he said.

Paulson appeared on "Face the Nation" on CBS and "Late Edition" on CNN. Blunt was on CNN.

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