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国会需要立即对紧急救援计划作出行动!

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华盛顿消息-美国财政部长亨利。保尔森周二要求国会赋予其足够的权力来解救国家金融体系,说服立法者“立即明确制定相关法律,并避免因为其它无关规定使其减缓或缺少广泛支持”。

在面向参议院银行委员会所准备的备注中,保尔森称,“本次问题资产购买方案是我们能做的帮助房屋业主即美国人民的唯一最有效的事情,并能刺激经济”。

他指出,国会今年早些时候已快速行动,通过了经济刺激方案。他说,本次的难题是更大更急迫的“两党课题和紧急事项”。

随着全球金融压力与不确定性持续释放,美联储主席伯南克在为听证会准备的证词中警告说,“如果金融状况继续持续得不到改善,更广的经济卷入将相当不利”。

布什总结在开市前于纽约所作的演讲中表达了对国会同电金融紧急救助计划的信心,接受民主党提出的补救措施的可能性仍然存在。

“现在,进入立法程序,自然存在交换意见的机会”,布什总统在与巴基斯坦总统的简要评述中说。“为获得处理当前形势的好的方法,需要聆听一些好的主意。但我很有信心,总统先生,正如我告诉您和其它领导人的一样,一定存在两党连立的法案。共和党和民主党将团结起来,通过这个立法,它是处理当前财务状况必须的立法,以提供救援计划,以确保市场的相对稳定性”。

当天早些时候发布的声明中,布什称,他已向焦虑的世界领袖保证,美国具备“正确的计划”来处理危机。

保尔森准备的讲话中也指出,国会今年早些时候快速行动,通过了经济刺激方案。本次的难题,他认为,比更巨大更急迫的“两党紧迫的问题”。

财政部长计划证实伯克南和其它官员,被寄予期待处理来自立法者有关方案范围的提问。民主党和共和党均急于制定法律,以保护抵押品持有人,并削减华尔街公司高管的工资。

当布什政府和国会领导人对创历史纪录的7000亿美元对金融公司的紧急救助计划协议意见进一步统一,救助计划包括对计划的严密监督,以及新的行动以帮助濒临没收风险的房屋业主。

但国会和政府对一些立法者的要求仍有争吵,包括对高管薪弃金的限制,以及新权威机构允许破产判断,以减少面临没收的借款人的抵押支付额。

国会领导和财政官员同时还称,他们对民主党的提案基本达成协议,民主党的提案中,纳税人可收到一份所有人权益,从寻求出售不良债权的公司中获得认股证形式可以购买股票。

立法者希望要求股权,而政府则希望在此问题上具备一定灵活性,财政官员说。

伯南克准备的评论中,他称,美联储拒绝干预市场,他称,这种措施只有在“金融体系的稳定性有问题,因此,其它经济领域的健康也有危险时”才能使用。

这种条件适用于抵押财务巨头房利美和房地美的财务状况恶化时,伯克南称。他同时还称,政府努力让市场力量处理雷曼兄弟投行和保险公司AIG的问题,但事件的快速后果导致“全球金融市场的特别动荡局面”。

即使在美联储和财政部行动后,伯克南称,“全球金融市场仍然处于极度压力下。国会行动必须稳定局面,防止给我们的金融市场和实体经济带来严重的后果”。

伯克南的证词非常简短,考虑了国会行动方案中涉及的庞大利益关系,发言只有9段,大部分专注于概述日渐增长的危机及其形成过程。

这似乎映证了保尔森和政府提出紧急救援法案的途径,风格简要,但基调明显紧迫。

但委员会主席,康州参议员在其准备的发言中称,保尔森的提案是“让人发晕,救助范围之广史无前例,并且缺乏细节”。他批评计划并未做任何事以阻止华尔街主管倾销问题贷款,并可以带着奖励和金色降落伞而离开。

提到计划可以让保尔森无责行事,参议员Dodd说,“读了此份提案后,我只能总结出,现在不是我们的经济出了问题,财长先生,而是我们的宪法也出了问题”。

不管两官员事先准备的短信是的最低行动纲领,双方均肯定被立法者要求需要提供更多有关涉及的巨量,以及大家认为什么监管不足。

在前往纽约参加联合国大会前,布什总统周一发布了书面声明。他称,世界领导均向其询问金融动荡以及政府的反应,“他们都想知道美国是否有适合的计划处理这次的经济危机。”。

“而我已向他们保证,财政部长保尔森制定的计划是一个处理严重问题的稳健计划”,他继续说。“现在,他们想知道我们的国会如何反应,我也向他们保证了,我已跟国会两党领导人说了,现在需要立即完成一些事情”。#p#分页标题#e#

白宫已开始集中游说,以说服胆怯的立法者支持计划。副总统,白宫参谋长以及布什国家经济委员会主席Keith Hennessy,周二全部前往了美国国会山。

布什政府副国务卿Tony Fratto,告诉记者说,特别紧急,需要本周通过立法。

译文:Congress Urged to Act Soon on Bailout

WASHINGTON — Treasury Secretary called on Congress Tuesday to give him wide authority to rescue the nation’s financial system, urging lawmakers “to enact this bill quickly and cleanly, and avoid slowing it down with other provisions that are unrelated or don’t have broad support.”

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Share your thoughts on the bailout hearing.

In remarks prepared for testimony before the Senate Banking Committee, Mr. Paulson said that “this troubled asset purchase program is the single most effective thing we can do to help homeowners, the American people, and stimulate our economy.”

He noted that Congress had moved quickly earlier this year to pass an economic stimulus program. The challenge this time, he said, was greater and demanded “bipartisan discipline and urgency.”

With global financial stresses and uncertainties continuing to play out, the chairman of the , , warned in his testimony prepared for the hearing that “if financial conditions fail to improve for a protracted period, the implications for the broader economy could be quite adverse.”

President Bush, speaking in New York before the markets opened, expressed confidence that Congress would agree on a financial bailout plan and left open the possibility of accepting amendments being proposed by Democrats.

“Now there’s a natural give and take when it comes to the legislative process,” Mr. Bush said in brief remarks with the president of Pakistan, . “There are good ideas that need to be listened to in order to get a good bill that will address the situation. But I’m confident, Mr. President, as I’ve told you and other leaders, that there will be a bipartisan bill. That the Republicans and Democrats will come together to get this legislation passed, which is necessary to address the financial situation and provide a rescue plan to make sure that there’s some stability in the markets.”

In a statement released earlier in the day, Mr. Bush said he had reassured worried world leaders that the United States had the “right plan” to deal with the crisis.

Mr. Paulson noted in his prepared remarks that Congress had moved quickly earlier this year to pass an economic stimulus program. The challenge this time, he said, was greater and demanded “bipartisan discipline and urgency.”

The Treasury secretary, who was scheduled to testify alongside Mr. Bernanke and other officials, was expected to encounter questioning from lawmakers about the scope of the program. Democrats and Republicans are eager to include legislation that would protect mortgage holders, and cut the salaries of executives at Wall Street firms.

The testimony came as the Bush administration and Congressional leaders moved closer to agreement on an historic $700 billion bailout for financial firms, including tight oversight of the program and new efforts to help homeowners at risk of foreclosure.

But Congress and the administration remained at odds over the demands of some lawmakers, including limits on the pay of top executives, and new authority to allow bankruptcy judges to reduce mortgage payments for borrowers facing foreclosure.

Congressional leaders and Treasury officials also said they were close to an agreement over a proposal by some Democrats in which taxpayers could receive an ownership stake, in the form of warrants to buy stock, from firms seeking to sell distressed debt.

Lawmakers want to require an equity stake, while the administration wants flexibility on that matter, a Treasury official said.

In his prepared remarks, Mr. Bernanke said the Fed was reluctant to intervene in the market, saying it should be done “only when the stability of the financial system and, consequently, the health of the broader economy is at risk.”

Such conditions applied in the deteriorating financial situation at the mortgage finance giants and , Mr. Bernanke said. He also said that the government tried to let market forces handle the problems at the investment bank and the insurance giant , but the rapid sequences of events caused “extraordinarily turbulent conditions in global financial markets.”

Even after the actions of the Fed and the Treasury, Mr. Bernanke said, “global financial markets remain under extraordinary stress. Action by the Congress is required to stabilize the situation and avert what otherwise could be very serious consequences for our financial markets and our economy.”

Mr. Bernanke’s testimony was exceptionally brief, considering the enormous stakes involved in Congressional action a mere nine paragraphs, much of it devoted to a recapitulation of the growing crisis and how it took shape.

It seemed to reflect the way Mr. Paulson and the administration have presented the bailout legislation, in bare-bones fashion, but with a clear tone of urgency.

But the chairman of the committee, Senator of Connecticut, said in his prepared remarks that Mr. Paulson’s proposal was “stunning and unprecedented in its scope and lack of detail.” He criticized the plan for doing nothing to prevent Wall Street executives from unloading troubled loans and “walking away with a bonus and a golden parachute.”

Saying that the plan would allow Mr. Paulson to act with “absolute impunity,” Senator Dodd said, “After reading this proposal, I can only conclude that it is not our economy that is at risk, Mr. Secretary, but our Constitution, as well.”

Despite the minimalism of the two officials’ prepared messages, both were certain to be pressed for greater detail by lawmakers concerned about the huge amounts involved and what many consider the inadequate oversight being provided.

Mr. Bush, who released a written statement on Monday before departing for New York to attend the opening of the , said that world leaders had questioned him about the turmoil and the administration’s response, “wondering whether or not the United States has the right plan to deal with this economic crisis.”

“And I’ve assured them that the plan laid out by Secretary Paulson is a robust plan to deal with a serious problem,” he went on. “And now they’re wondering about our Congress, and I’ve assured them as well, having spoken to the leaders of Congress from both political parties, there is the desire to get something done quickly.”

The White House has begun intensive lobbying to persuade nervous lawmakers to support the plan. Vice President , the White House chief of staff and Keith Hennessy, the chairman of Mr. Bush’s National Economics Council, were all headed to Capitol Hill on Tuesday.

Tony Fratto, Mr. Bush’s deputy secretary, told reporters there is a “great sense of urgency” to get the legislation passed this week.

Mark Landler reported from Washington; Steven Lee Myers reported from New York. Brian Knowlton and Sheryl Gay Stolberg contributed reporting from Washington.

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