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10大神秘远古失落文明

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了解我们的过去是历史学家和人类学家一直探索的事情。回顾历史,我们将看到人类文明的兴衰,人类发展的足迹重复着建设和毁灭的道路。尽管这样,但是还有许多远古文化对我们来说很陌生,传说和奇怪地遭遇只留下虚幻的事物。据说,有些先进的民族由于灾难和其他事情而悄悄地消失于这个世界,尽管故事和遭遇的次数也许从来就不存在。以下是一张关于神秘古老民族的列表。

10

金字塔和狮身人面像的年龄

大部分埃及历史学家认为坐落在吉萨高地的狮身人面像距今大概有4500年的历史。但是这个数字仅仅是—信念、看法、而不是事实。关于“狮身人面像的年龄” 正如罗伯特·波法尔所说,“没有任何的题词---连一个字都没有----墙上或石碑上没有记载,而且在这么多古代文献中也没任何记载。那么,这是什么时候建立的呢?约翰安东尼西方发现这座雕像底部有垂直风化现象,因此对它已被人们接受的年龄提出了质疑,这只有底部长期暴露在如暴雨这样的水中才会形成的。但是在这个沙漠的中央,哪来长期的雨水呢?恰巧,在世界上的这一地区经历过如此大的降雨量—大概是10500年以前!这使得这座狮身人面像的年龄比目前大家所接受的要大一倍。法尔和格雷厄姆汉考克的计算,大金字塔同样可以追溯到公元前约10500。--早于埃及文明的出现。随即又产生了一个新问题:是谁建造了这么大的建筑?为什么要这么做呢?

我将会指出在世界上的那个地方,狮身人面像一般是由自然风化侵蚀形成的,主要是风沙侵蚀的结果。埃及古物学者指出当时埃及人可能已经注意到这个东西像猫的形状,于是就按照这种形状雕刻起来。

9 纳斯卡图案

著名的纳斯卡线被发现于秘鲁利马以南200米的一个沙漠。从平面上测量这些线大概长37英里,宽1英里,自从20世纪30年代被发现以来,这个数据一直捆扰着科学界。这些线条完全是笔直地,有些相互平行,大多相互交叉,这样从空中向下看像古代的机场跑道。埃里奇·冯·丹尼肯在他的《神的战车》一书中提到那实际上是外太空飞船使用的跑道。更令人感兴趣的是70只动物的图案-----动物被雕刻在地上---这些动物中有一只猴子、一只蜘蛛以及一只蜂鸟。令人困惑是如此规模的线条和图案只有在高海拔的地方才能看得到。它们有什么重要作用呢?有些人认为这是天文目的,而有些人认为这是用于宗教仪式活动的。最近的理论认为这些线条是用来引导宝贵的水资源。事实就是没有一个人真正知道其作用。

8 阿特兰提斯岛的位置

关于阿特兰提斯岛的真实位置有许许多多的看法。我们是从柏拉图写的文章中得知阿特兰提斯岛的传说的,阿特兰提斯岛是一个漂亮、技术先进的大陆式的岛屿,其历史可以追溯到公元前370年。但是对于阿特兰提斯岛位置的描述显得有限和模糊。当然,许多人断定阿特兰提斯岛根本就不存在。那些认为它存在的人几乎在地球上的每个角落进行搜寻。埃德加·凯西的著名预言说阿特兰提斯岛的遗址可能在百慕大群岛周围,1969年在比米尼(又称:比米尼之路)附近发现几何图形的石头群,这也使坚信者确定凯西的预言。阿特兰提斯岛位置的其他说法包括南极洲、墨西哥、英格兰沿岸、甚至有可能是古巴沿岸(请看下面)。争议和理论可能会一直持续,直到有人揭开这句话的意义:“欢迎阿特兰提斯!在乔的家里吃。”

7 “不祥”的玛雅日历

玛雅日历中的假定预言一直有很多不着边际的宣传。或许,这些宣传比2000年大灾难的预言更让人恐惧。所有的不愉快都是根据调查的结果,即玛雅“龙伯爵”日历结束的日期对应我们2012年12月21号。这意味着什么呢?由于世界性灾难或战争导致世界的末日?新时代的开端,人类的新纪元?这样的预言有悠久的历史而且出来没有实现过。但是,我们找出确定答案的唯一方式就是等着看事情的发展状况了。然而,为了以防万一,2012年,你应该早些时候购买圣诞节的物品,对付这“世界末日”。

6 仙人洞木乃伊

1940年,夫妻考古队—雪梨和乔治亚·惠勒在内华达洲法伦以东13英里的‘仙人洞’发现木乃伊。进入仙人洞的时候发现用席子包裹着的两具遗体。一具尸体比另外一具尸体埋得更深,这埋得较深的尸体部分已经干瘪(头部和右手臂)。惠勒夫妇和他们的助理(当地的居民)从这个洞穴中找回67件古器物。这些古器物在内华达州立博物馆经过鉴定,估计有1500到2000年的历史。在54年后的1994年,加利福尼亚大学河边分校的人类学家R. Erv Taylor通过质谱测量对17件古器物进行检测。结果表明木乃伊距今大约9400年的历史---这要比先前已知的北美木乃伊的年代更为久远。进一步的研究确定木乃伊呈现高加索人种特征,类似于阿伊努人(日本民族的一种种族),尽管明确的关系还没有最终确定。#p#分页标题#e#

5 大峡谷的埃及珍宝

1909年4月5日,亚利桑那州公报版有一篇标题为《大峡谷探险》的文章写到:一些不同寻常的发现表明这些古人类是从东方迁移来的。“据文章所写,史密森协会出资赞助这次探险,并发现史前古器物,如果得到核实,关于大峡谷的历史有待于进一步考证。峡谷内发现用象形文字写着“人类用手在坚硬的岩石上开凿”的石片、铜制武器和工具,以及埃及女神像和木乃伊。虽然非常有趣,但是这个故事的真实性值得怀疑,因为这个地点没有再次被人家发现。史密森协会否认了之前所有的发现,而且为了寻找这个洞穴,一些探险队最后落得空手而归。那篇文章只是个恶作剧吗?研究员/探险家David Hatcher Childress写道:“虽然它是一个精心设计的恶作剧,但是实际上,以有声望的史密森协会的名义,在报纸头版发布了一个极其详尽的描述,而且刊登了好几页,增加了这条消息的可靠信。很难相信这个故事是无中生有的。”拥护者也主张这个限制区(甚至有工人在这里)掩盖了证据。

4 姆大陆或利莫里亚

传说中消失的姆大陆,有时侯也叫利莫里亚,它与阿特兰提斯岛一样著名,的确,有时侯相提并论。根据传统,在许多太平洋的岛屿中,姆大陆是太平洋上“伊甸园式”的热带天堂,但是在几千年之前(听起来很熟悉),它和那些良民一起沉没。像阿特兰提斯岛,正在被人们讨论是否真得存在,如果存在,那又在哪里呢。

3 美洲航行

据说是克里斯托弗·哥伦布发现美洲的,但是我们当然知道比这个更多,在之前很久人们已经到达哪里了,甚至定居在那里。美国土著居民到达那里的时间要比哥伦布早好几个世纪,而且还有良好的证据表明来自其他国家的开拓者在这一方面也胜过哥伦布。史前古器物的发现也表明了有古文明开拓了这块大陆。在美国和墨西哥曾发现希腊和罗马的硬币和陶器;如在大峡谷发现古埃及人证据(如上)那样在墨西哥也发现了奥西斯和奥塞里斯的雕像。古西伯来人和亚洲的古器物也在这里被发现。在本地神话和民间故事中关于旅行者来自遥远大陆的故事也表明了可能性。

据说是克里斯托弗·哥伦布发现美洲的,但是我们当然知道比这个更多,在之前很久人们已经到达哪里了,甚至定居在那里。美国土著居民到达那里的时间要比哥伦布早好几个世纪,而且还有良好的证据表明来自其他国家的开拓者在这一方面也胜过哥伦布。史前古器物的发现也表明了有古文明开拓了这块大陆。在美国和墨西哥曾发现希腊和罗马的硬币和陶器;如在大峡谷发现古埃及人证据(如上)那样在墨西哥也发现了奥西斯和奥塞里斯的雕像。古西伯来人和亚洲的古器物也在这里被发现。在本地神话和民间故事中关于旅行者来自遥远大陆的故事也表明了可能性。

事实上,关于早期、远古的一些文化知道的很少。

2 古巴城的沉没

2001年5月,先进数码通讯公司(ADC)做了一个振奋人心的发现,当时他们正在古巴领海水域进行海底测绘。声纳设备显示出意外且令人吃惊的是在2200英尺以下的地方:由石头组成的几何图形看起来很像一座城市的废墟。来自ADC的保罗?怀恩茨威格说:“自然界不可能自己形成如此对称的东西。这不是自然形成的,但是我们不知道这是什么东西。一座沉没的大城市?国家地理杂志对这一地点表现出很大的兴趣,随后也介入调查。2003年,一艘小型潜艇潜入探索这个建筑物。ADC的保利娜?泽利兹基说他们看到的一个建筑物“看起来可能是一个大城市的中心。然而,在我们拥有证据之前说这是什么,这是完全不负责任的做法。”

1 日本水下遗迹

日本冲绳沿海岸水下20到100英尺处有一些神秘的建筑,这可能是古人类建造的,“遗失的文明”。怀疑者说那些巨大的台阶可能是自然形成的(图片看起来似乎让人着迷)。佛朗克.约瑟夫在《特兰提斯岛正在出现》一文中写到:“在去年夏末的时候,某个潜水员在冲绳水域潜水的时候被一个巨大的拱门震惊了,这个由一些漂亮石头组成的建筑有着在太平洋彼岸即南美洲的安第斯山脉中发现的印加城中使用的史前砖瓦工程的形式.这些似乎是人为建筑的遗迹。这个建筑包括街道、十字路口、大型祭坛、通往广场的解体以及嵌在两栋电缆塔中一些游行用的道路。如果这是一座沉没的城市,它是一个大城市。有人认为这可能就是消失的文明—姆大陆或利莫里亚(如上).#p#分页标题#e#

译文:Top 10 Mysteries of Ancient or Lost Civilizations

Understanding our past is what historians and anthropologists seek to do. Looking back we will witness civilizations rise and fall, as humanity walks down a very repetitive path of construction and destruction. Still, there are some ancient cultures that seem incredibly alien to us, legends and strange encounters cast nothing but shadow over some of these peoples. Some are said to be very advanced and tranquil only to vanish with some cataclysm and others, despite stories and accounts of encounters, never seem to have existed. Here is a list of mysteries surrounding ancient peoples.

10 Age of the Pyramids and Sphinx

Most Egyptologists believe the Great Sphinx on the Giza plateau is about 4,500 years old. But that number is just that - a belief, a theory, not a fact. As Robert Bauval says in ‘The Age of the Sphinx’, “there was no inscriptions - not a single one - either carved on a wall or a stela or written on the throngs of papyri” that associates the Sphinx with this time period. So when was it built? John Anthony West challenged the accepted age of the monument when he noted the vertical weathering on its base, which could only have been caused by long exposure to water in the form of heavy rains. In the middle of the desert? Where did the water come from? It so happens that this area of the world experienced such rains - about 10,500 years ago! This would make the Sphinx more than twice its currently accepted age. Bauval and Graham Hancock have calculated that the Great Pyramid likewise dates back to about 10,500 B.C. - predating the Egyptian civilization. This raises the questions: Who built them and why?

I’ll just point out that the general sphinx shape is a natural formation in that part of the world, due to winds + sand. Egyptologists point out that the Egyptians would have noticed the cat-like shape, and then carved in the features.

9 The Nazca Lines

The famous Nazca lines can be found in a desert about 200 miles south of Lima, Peru. On a plain measuring approximately 37 miles long and one mile wide are etched lines and figures that have puzzled the scientific world since their discovery in the 1930s. The lines run perfectly straight, some parallel to one another, many intersecting, making the lines look from the air like ancient airport runways. This prompted Erich von Daniken in his book Chariots of the Gods to suggest that they actually were runways for extraterrestrial craft. More intriguing are the gigantic figures of 70-some animals carved into the ground - a monkey, a spider, and a hummingbird among others. The puzzle is that these lines and figures are of such a scale that they can only be recognized from a high altitude. So what is their significance? Some believe they have an astronomical purpose, while others think they served in religious ceremonies. A recent theory suggests the lines lead to sources of precious water. The truth is, no one really knows.

8 Location of Atlantis

There are many, many, many theories as to the true location of Atlantis. We get the legend of Atlantis from Plato who wrote about the beautiful, technologically advanced continent-sized island back in 370 B.C., but his description of its location was limited and vague. Many, of course, conclude that Atlantis never really existed. Those who think it did exist have sought evidence or at least clues in almost every corner of the globe. Edgar Cayce’s famous prophecies said remnants of Atlantis would be found around Bermuda, and in 1969, geometric stone formations were found near Bimini (a.k.a. The Bimini Road) that believers said confirmed Cayce’s prediction. Other proposed locations for Atlantis include Antarctica, Mexico, off the coast of England, possibly even off the coast of Cuba (see below). The controversy and theories will likely continue until someone uncovers a sign saying: “Welkommen zu Atlantis! Eat at Joe’s.”

7 The “ever-ominous” Mayan Calendar

There’s been a lot of hoopla over the supposed prophecies of the Mayan calendar. More people fear it, perhaps, than feared the predicted catastrophes of the year 2000. All the fretting is based on the finding that the Mayan “Long Count” calendar ends on a date that corresponds to our December 21, 2012. What does this mean? The end of the world through some global cataclysm or war? The beginning of a new era, a new Age for mankind? Such prophecies have a long tradition of not coming to pass. But the only way we’ll find out for sure is to wait and see. Just in case, however, in 2012 you might want to do your Christmas shopping early.

6 The Spirit Cave Mummy

In 1940, husband-and-wife archaeological team, Sydney and Georgia Wheeler found a mummy in ‘Spirit Cave’ thirteen miles east of Fallon, Nevada. Upon entering Spirit Cave they discovered the remains of two people wrapped in tule matting. One set of remains, buried deeper than the other, had been partially mummified (the head and right shoulder). The Wheelers, with the assistance of local residents, recovered a total of sixty-seven artifacts from the cave. These artifacts were examined at the Nevada State Museum where they were estimated to be between 1,500 and 2,000 years old. 54 years later in 1994, University of California, Riverside anthropologist R. Erv Taylor examined seventeen of the Spirit Cave artifacts using mass spectrometry. The results indicated that the mummy was approximately 9,400 years old — older than any previously known North American mummy. Further study determined that the mummy exhibits Caucasoid characteristics resembling the Ainu (an Ethnic Japanese people), although a definitive affiliation has not been established.

5 Egyptian Treasures in the Grand Canyon

The April 5, 1909 edition of the Arizona Gazette featured an article entitled “Explorations in Grand Canyon: Remarkable finds indicate ancient people migrated from Orient.” According to the article, the expedition was financed by the Smithsonian Institute and discovered artifacts that would, if verified, stand conventional history on its ear. Inside a cavern “hewn in solid rock by human hands” were found tablets bearing hieroglyphics, copper weapons and tools, statues of Egyptian deities and mummies. Although highly intriguing, the truth of this story is in doubt simply because the site has never been re-found. The Smithsonian disavows all knowledge of the discovery, and several expeditions searching for the cavern have come up empty-handed. Was the article just a hoax? “While it cannot be discounted that the entire story is an elaborate newspaper hoax,” writes researcher/explorer David Hatcher Childress, “the fact that it was on the front page, named the prestigious Smithsonian Institution, and gave a highly detailed story that went on for several pages, lends a great deal to its credibility. It is hard to believe such a story could have come out of thin air.” Supporters also claim that the restricted areas (of which even workers at the Canyon) are evidence of the cover-up.

4 Mu or Lemuria

The legendary lost world of Mu, sometimes call Lemuria is nearly as famous as Atlantis and indeed, parallels it closely at times. According to tradition among many Pacific islands, Mu was an “Eden-like” tropical paradise located somewhere in the Pacific that sunk, along with all of its beautiful inhabitants, thousands of years ago (sounds familiar). Like Atlantis, there is ongoing debate as to whether it really existed and, if so, where.

3 Voyages to the Americas

Christopher Columbus is said to have “discovered” America, but of course we all know better than this, as long before him people/peoples had been there, even settled. Native Americans arrived there many centuries before Columbus, and there is good evidence that explorers from other civilizations beat Columbus here, too. Artifacts have now been found suggesting that ancient cultures explored the continent. Greek and Roman coins and pottery have been found in the U.S. and Mexico; Egyptian statues of Isis and Osiris were found in Mexico as well as evidence of Egyptians in the Grand Canyon (see above). Ancient Hebrew and Asian artifacts have also been found. Stories of travellers from distant lands in native myths and folklore also suggest probability.

The truth is, we know very little about early, far-traveling cultures.

2 Sunken City off of Cuba

In May 2001, an exciting discovery was made by Advanced Digital Communications (ADC) who were mapping the ocean bottom of Cuba’s territorial waters. Sonar readings revealed something unexpected and quite amazing 2,200 feet down: stones laid out in a geometric pattern that looked very much like the ruins of a city. “Nature couldn’t have built anything so symmetrical. This isn’t natural, but we don’t know what it is.” said Paul Weinzweig, of ADC. A great sunken city? National Geographic showed a great deal of interest in the site and was involved in subsequent investigations. In 2003, a minisub dove down to explore the structures. Paulina Zelitsky of ADC said they saw a structure that “looks like it could have been a large urban center. However, it would be totally irresponsible to say what it was before we have evidence.”

1 Japan’s Underwater Ruins

Off the southern shore of Okinawa, Japan, under 20 to 100 feet of water lie enigmatic structures that may have been built by some ancient, “lost civilization”. Skeptics say the large, tiered formations are probably natural in origin (which seems crazy looking at the pictures). “Then, in late summer of the following year,” writes Frank Joseph in an article for Atlantis Rising, “another diver in Okinawa waters was shocked to see a massive arch or gateway of huge stone blocks beautifully fitted together in the manner of prehistoric masonry found among the Inca cities on the other side of the Pacific Ocean, in the Andes Mountains of South America.” This seems to confirm that these are manmade ruins. The architecture includes what appear to be paved streets and crossroads, large altar-like formations, staircases leading to broad plazas and processional ways surmounted by pairs of towering features resembling pylons. If it is a sunken city, it is huge. It’s been suggested that it might be the lost civilization of Mu or Lemuria (see above).

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