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压力传感器

时间:2011-01-12 11:07 点击:
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  压力传感器通常测量液体或气体的压力。压力表示阻止液体膨胀所需的力,通常表示为单位面积的力。压力传感器产生与所施加的力有一定关系的信号。此类信号一般为电信号,但光信号、视觉及听觉信号也并不罕见。



  在许许多多的日常应用中,压力传感器用于控制和监测。压力传感器还可用于间接测量其它参数,如液体或气体流量、流速、水位及高度等。压力传感器还可称为压力变送器。



  压力传感器在技术、设计、性能、适应性及成本上,差别较大。保守估计,有五十多项技术,全世界制造压力传感器的公司至少有300家。



  还有一类传感器用于动态模式测量,以捕捉高速变化的压力。这一类型的传感器的应用实例为,发动机汽缸内或燃气轮机内燃烧压力的测量。这类传感器通常由石英之类的压电材料制成。



  有些传感传感器以二进制方式运行,如高速摄像机上的压力传感器。例如,当传感器受到压力时,产生闭合或断开电路的效果。这一类型的传感器又称为压力开关。

译文:Pressure sensor

A pressure sensor measures the , typically of or .Pressure is an expression of the force required to stop a fluid fromexpanding, and is usually stated in terms of force per unit area. Apressure sensor generates a signal related to the pressure imposed.Typically, such a signal is electrical, but optical, visual, andauditory signals are not uncommon.

Pressure sensors are used for control and monitoring in thousands ofeveryday applications. Pressure sensors can also be used to indirectlymeasure other variables such as fluid/gas flow, speed, water level, andaltitude. Pressure sensors can alternatively be called pressure transducers, pressure transmitters, pressure senders and pressure indicators, among other names.

Pressure sensors can vary drastically in technology, design,performance, application suitability and cost. A conservative estimatewould be that there may be over 50 technologies and at least 300companies making pressure sensors worldwide.

There is also a category of pressure sensors that are designed tomeasure in a dynamic mode for capturing very high speed changes inpressure. Example applications for this type of sensor would be in themeasuring of combustion pressure in an engine cylinder or in a gasturbine. These sensors are commonly manufactured out of materials such as quartz.

Some pressure sensors, such as those found in speed cameras,function in a binary manner, i.e., when pressure is applied to apressure sensor, the sensor acts to complete or break an electricalcircuit. These types of sensors are also known as a pressure switches.

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