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谈大学生与行为不端

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良多人都把财富犯罪和其它违法行为归因于社会地位低下,缺乏教育。但新研究却已发现一个令人惊奇的行为不轨的危险身分-年夜学。

读年夜学的男生在年夜学时代比不读年夜学的火伴更轻易犯盗窃罪,这是本周末将在波士顿美国社会科学协会的年会上提出的研究结不美观。

俄亥俄州鲍灵格林州立年夜学的社会学家细心剖析了来自《国家青少年健康纵向研究》中心的数据,这些数据跟踪了青少年和年青人之中的教育、犯罪水平、药物滥用和社会交往问题。年夜1994-1995学年9246名处于七年级到十二年级的学生起头,研究在1996年和2001年再次跟踪了这些学生的情形。第三轮研究界说“年夜学生”和“准年夜学生”已在四年全日制年夜学中注册至少已12个月的年夜学生。“非年夜学生”则是指那些被发芽拜访者,他们既非年夜学学生也没有注册四年全日制年夜学。

青少年时代,读年夜学的前景是积极的。研究者们发现对比不筹备读年夜学的孩子来说,准年夜学生斗劲少卷入犯罪过为中,而青少年时代药物使用的概率也较低。

但年夜学生似乎发生了一些令人受惊的转变。当男生注册四年制年夜学后,喝酒、盗窃和无组织的结交水平都有所增添,其水平均超出他们教育轨范较低的同龄男生。

原因似乎是因为那些没读年夜学的孩子必需更快成长。年夜学注册为一种糊口体例留下余地,素质上来说是延迟了青少年期,本研究的首要发芽拜访者,鲍灵格林州立年夜学社会学系以及该年夜学家湍暌闺进口学研究中心的研究生和助理研警员Patrick M. Seffrin认为。

年夜学生涯生计延迟了进入成年人脚色,好比婚姻、为人怙恃和全职工作等。相反,年夜学生有太多无组织的社交时刻。其它研究也将无组织的社交和“闲逛”与违犯罪罪和冒险等行为挂钩。

“读年夜学凡是与自我晋升和向上动力有关”,Seffrin说。“但本研究却声名年夜学现实上却可能鼓舞激励而不是避免社交异常和冒险。”

译文:College Students Behaving Badly

Many people associate property crime and other delinquent behaviors with low social status and a lack of education. But new research has identified a surprising risk factor for bad behavior — college.

Men who attend college are more likely to commit property crimes during their college years than their non-college-attending peers, according to research to be presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association in Boston this weekend.

Sociologists at Bowling Green State University in Ohio examined data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, which tracks education, crime levels, substance abuse and socializing among adolescents and young adults. Beginning with 9,246 students who were seventh through twelfth graders in the 1994-1995 academic year, the survey followed the students again in 1996 and 2001. The study defined “college students” or “college-bound youth” as those who were enrolled full-time in a four-year college for at least 12 months by the third wave of the survey. “Non-college students” were defined as those respondents who either did not attend college through the course of the study or were not enrolled full-time at a four-year university.

During adolescence, the prospect of attending college was positive. The researchers found that college-bound youth were less likely to be involved in criminal activity and substance use during adolescence than kids who weren’t headed for college.

But college attendance appears to trigger some surprising changes. When male students enrolled in four-year universities, levels of drinking, property theft and unstructured socializing with friends increased and surpassed rates for their less-educated male peers.

The reason appears to be that kids who don’t go to college simply have to grow up more quickly. College enrollment allows for a lifestyle that essentially extends the adolescent period, said Patrick M. Seffrin, the study’s primary investigator and a graduate student and research assistant in the department of sociology and the Center for Family and Demographic Research at Bowling Green State University.

College delays entry into adult roles like marriage, parenting and full-time work. Instead, college students have lots of unstructured social time. Other studies have linked unstructured socializing or “hanging out” with higher levels of delinquency and risk taking.

“College attendance is commonly associated with self-improvement and upward mobility,” Mr. Seffrin said. “Yet this research suggests that college may actually encourage, rather than deter, social deviance and risk-taking.'’

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